Family life of the 1950 ‘s was different from any other clip in America ‘s history. Many soldiers returned place from war and married immature, in hopes to make simpler lives for their households. For so many, this was the white American Dream. For African Americans, this dream was much harder to achieve. For Troy Maxson, the tragic hero in August Wilson ‘s Fences, this was no exclusion. In her essay, “ Baseball as History and Myth in August Wilson ‘s Fences ” Susan Koprince notes that for Troy, “ the American dreamaˆ¦turned into a drawn-out incubus ” ( 1104 ) . Racism, segregation, and poorness ran amok and many inkinesss found it hard to happen success in this white adult male ‘s universe. However, at the bosom of all of Wilson ‘s authoritative and dateless plants, are what he refers to as “ the Big Themes ” , “ love, award, responsibility, [ and ] treachery ” ( Miles, 1096 ) . These cosmopolitan subjects are built-in and allow readers to understand the predicament that black households in the 1950ss had to digest, in order to acquire by.
Troy Maxson, above all else, takes to bosom his responsibilities as a exclusive supplier for his household. However, Troy frequently finds himself torn between a desire for more personal autonomies in his ain life and a sense of committedness to care for his household. These responsibilities to his household are non without mistake. Although Troy is a fantastic fiscal supplier for the household, he still feels he does non necessitate to demo fondness to any of his kids. This rings peculiarly true for his youngest boy, Cory. While they work to raise a fencing around their pace, Cory asks his male parent, “ ‘How come you ai n’t ne’er liked me? ‘ ” Troy, ferocious at this enquiry, tells Cory, “ ‘it ‘s my responsibility to take attention of you. I owe a duty to youaˆ¦Not cause I like you! Cause you my boy ‘ ” ( Wilson, 1049-50 ) . As breadwinner for the household, Troy necessitates himself to present nutrient and shelter, but he makes it clear to Cory, as exclusive supplier, that is all he is required to give. Furthermore, Troy ‘s comments show readers merely how defeated he is of the ceaseless undertaking of caring for his household. Troy, nevertheless, is non the lone member of the family that has an duty to the household. After Troy confesses to Rise about his matter and the kid that Alberta is transporting, Rose chides, “ ‘I gave everything I had to seek and wipe out the uncertainty that you was n’t the finest adult male in the universe… Cause you was my hubby ‘ ” ( 1067 ) . These comments allow readers to hold on the function Rose undertakes as Troy ‘s loving and faithful married woman. Harry J. Elam Jr. notes in his essay, “ August Wilson ” that, “ Troy ‘s adulteryaˆ¦ propels Rose, to reevaluate her state of affairs, to derive a greater self-awareness, to alter ( 1102 ) . Rose is a powerful representative of steadfast trueness ; she remains committed to Troy and her responsibilities to him, despite his infidelity to her. Even as she undertakes the function of caring for Troy ‘s lovechild, Rose evokes a powerful sense of understanding from readers. Despite the unfaithfulness, Rose decides to remain with Troy for the interest of the household. This act to boot solidifies her responsibility as a married woman and female parent. In the statement with Rose, following his confession, Troy exclaims that he has spent his whole life seeking to populate a “ ‘decent… cleanaˆ¦hardaˆ¦useful life ‘ ” ( Wilson, 1066 ) . This comment illustrates how Troy has ever been the supplier of the place they shared for many old ages, even though the matter may hold merely late started. It appears to readers that through this remark, Troy justifies his ain grounds for the unfaithfulness. In his essay “ Fiery Fences, ” Clive Barnes comments how Troy finally “ sees himself as a adult male fenced in with duties ” ( 1085 ) . Ironically, the fencing Troy erects around his place, imprisons him from accomplishing the independency he so urgently craves.
Betrayal runs even deeper throughout Fences, and nowhere is this more prevailing than with Troy. The chief issue of treachery comes in the form of Troy ‘s matter with Alberta. From the oncoming, Bono has intuitions about the matter and even references to Troy that he has caught him “ ‘eyeing her ‘ ” ( Wilson 1031 ) . Troy ‘s apparently guiltless glimpses foreshadow a major devastation, that finally kills the life and household that Troy and Rose have worked old ages together to construct. The extent of Troy ‘s treachery does non halt at his ain married woman. He even betrays person closer in bond: Gabriel. This is possibly the pinnacle of his fraudulence. At one point in the drama Rose nags Troy, “ ‘You did Gabe merely like you did Coryaˆ¦ would n’t subscribe the paper for Coryaˆ¦but you signed for Gabe ‘ ” ( 1069 ) . Her comments show readers merely how skewed Troy ‘s precedences truly are. Troy will non even see subscribing Cory ‘s permission faux pas to let him to play college football, in portion to Troy ‘s resentment that his ain boy my occultation him in the success he could ne’er accomplish. However, by perpetrating Gabriel to an refuge, even after old ages of roll uping half of his brother ‘s monthly disablement cheques to pay for the house they live in, readers view merely how selfish Troy ‘s actions and motivations genuinely are. Rose feels it is in Gabriel ‘s best involvement to direct him to the refuge ; Troy ‘s earlier logical thinking is that Gabriel should stay out. Troy one time once more betrays her by finally traveling back on his word and sends away his ain brother.
Fences is a cosmopolitan and superb narrative because it deals with household and a desire for love and award. By holding an matter with Alberta, Troy dishonors the treaty that Rose and he enter into when they foremost marry. Rose however, awards her portion of the agreement and remains with Troy. She even accepts Raynell into the household, as her ain kid, after Alberta dies during childbearing. As Troy begins to state his married woman that he is holding an matter, his pick of words is highly attending grabbing. He tells Rose, “ ‘I ‘m gon na be a dada. I ‘m gon na be person ‘s dada ‘ ” ( 1064 ) . By utilizing the term dada, it appears as if Troy displays a sense of love and fondness towards his unborn kid, whereas male parent represents a generalised term for a rigorous male parent. Troy ‘s eldest boy Lyons comes back around after hunting his male parent for money several times and says, “ ‘See, Popaˆ¦I was repairing to pay you back that 10 dollars like I told you ‘ ” Lyons finally honors his word to pay Troy back the money that he seeks about every hebdomad. Even as Lyons returns the money, Troy ab initio refuses to accept the loan refund ( 1054 ) . The readers view this as an illustration of Troy ‘s love of his boy, possibly for all the old ages of being an absentee and inattentive male parent. Once Cory learns about Troy ‘s matter, he loses all regard for his male parent. This is most evident when Cory tries to acquire by his male parent on the stairss and Cory comments, “ ‘I ai n’t got to state pardon me to you. You do n’t number about here no more ‘ ” ( 1074 ) . Troy still orders Cory to honour him and feels justified in demanding a sense of regard. The concluding scene of the drama hinges on subjects of award and love as Cory returns place the Marines seven old ages subsequently. Rose ‘s ardent address persuades Cory to make up one’s mind to love and honour Troy, and go to his male parent ‘s funeral. In her essay “ August Wilson ‘s Gender Lesson, ” Missy Dehn Kubitschek notes that as Cory and Raynell sing Troy ‘s favourite vocal Old Blue, “ they ceremonially evoke the ascendants ” ( 1097 ) . Readers find that Cory is now ready to allow travel of the past because of the love Troy finally shows for his kids.
Fences explores the dynamic and frequently times, disruptive relationships between both hubby and married woman, and male parent and boies. August Wilson ‘s four large subjects of love, award, responsibility and treachery non merely assist to capture the battles that each member of the Maxon family must digest to last in this really unforgiving clip ; these subjects to boot allow readers to sympathise with each of his characters. Troy, the quintessential tragic hero, builds a fencing around himself to close out the sadness that he endures in every aspect of his household life. Unfortunately, Troy ‘s fencing merely keeps out the love his household wants to supply him. Rise rises from the ashes of a cheating hubby and is able to asseverate herself farther in her responsibilities as female parent to Cory and Raynell. Cory learns that he has the power to interrupt the rhythm and go his ain adult male while still being able to love, award and esteem his male parent. For each of these characters, they are able to travel past their hurting and torment in hopes of carry throughing each of their American dreams.