Kalaripayattu – The Hidden Treasure from the South – Classroom Tasks

Kalaripayattu -The Hidden Treasure from the South

Think Kerala, and images of Kathakali terpsichoreans, alien culinary art and ruffling coconut trees flash across your mind’s oculus. Think Kerala! Think of emerald backwaters, enrapturing elephants, charming monsoons and comforting ayurvedic interventions.

But Kerala is much more than all of this!

Legend has it that Lord Parashuram, the 6thembodimentof Vishnu, flung his axe into the sea.

The Waterss receded where the axe landed, and ‘God’s ain state’ emerged: beautiful, exuberant viridity and dotted with coconut trees.

In order to protect the land and its people, Parashuram introduced kalaripayattu. Parashuram taught this art to his 21 adherents and initiated 108 kalaris throughout the province.

Sage Agasthya is believed to hold introduced Kalari Chikitsa, a alone system of intervention, in connexion with kalaries in Kerala.

What is kalaripayattu?

Kalaripayattu is one of the oldest signifiers of soldierly humanistic disciplines in India, and across the universe

File:Vaalum-parichayum.jpeg( about 2000-3000 old ages old ) . It is practised in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, northeasterly Sri Lanka and among the Malayali community of Malaysia.

The name ‘Kalari‘ has been derived from SanskritKhaloorika, intending the topographic point where the art of utilizing arms and developing the build is taught. ‘Kalari’means the topographic point where any peculiar art signifier is taught and ‘payaT ‘ means pattern or exercising.

Kalaripayattu is straight associated with Dhanurveda ( the antediluvian Indian scientific discipline of war ) and Ayurveda.

It was anintrinsicportion of society in mediaeval Kerala. Kalaripayattu was largely practised byNairsandEzhavas, to protect the province and the male monarch. Buddhist warriors from North Kerala called Lohars besides practised kalaripayattu.

At the zenith of its popularity, kalaripayattu was used as a codification ofcombatby the South Indian dynasties. The ageless struggles between the princely states helped the combatants inhoningthe art into a soldierly art signifier.

Kalaripayattu includes work stoppages, boots, coping, preset signifiers, arms and mending methods.

Kalaris are schools where Gurukals or Masterss teach the art. Weapons such as blades, stickers, shields, short sticks, lances etc are used.

Training for kalaripayattu takes topographic point inside a specially constructed pattern country.

Kalaripayattu includes physical preparation, armed and unarmed struggle, breath control, speculation and specific categories of interventions. The art focuses on co-ordination between the head and the organic structure.

The category begins by illuming theBhadradeepam( the sanctum lamp ) and blowing the Godhead conch. There are no limitations of faith, caste or gender.

Kalaripayattu has four phases of acquisition.

  • First phase (meipayattuormaithari) involves organic structure exercisings.
  • Second phase (kolthari) involves developing with wooden arms.
  • Third phase (angathari) involves the usage of metal arms.
  • Fourth Stage (verumkaI ) involves contending empty handed.

A warrior who has masteredverumkaitharineed non transport any arm, even against a group of armed oppositions. She/he has enormous control over her/his head. She/he can literallyparalyseanyone utilizing the index, which is called the Marmam technique.

Despite its focal point onrespect, disciples develop subject inethical, societal and religious countries ; therefore assisting them to understand and appreciate the value of life.

A warrior should get down his twenty-four hours by raising Mother Earth ‘Padasparsam kshamaswa me’-‘Oh mother earth! Please forgive me as I step on you.’

The art of kalaripayattu declined during the British regulation. The British declared that kalaripayattu and the Nair usage of transporting blades were illegal. This was to incorporate anti British activities. This period besides witnessed, many Indian Martial humanistic disciplines being practised in secret. These were frequently confined to rural countries.

Rising like a Phoenix, kalaripayattu is today emerging in a new embodiment, as a beginning of inspiration for self-expression in traditional and modern-day dance signifiers. Kalarippayattu has a beat that carries a uninterrupted flow of energy and harmoniousness that are indispensable ingredients of concert dance and theatre public presentations.

Kalaripayattu has been a major beginning of influence in Kerala ‘s theater and dance signifiers such asKathakaliandTheyyam. Kathakali artists train under Kalari Masterss to develop strength, endurance and soldierly motions enacted in their public presentations.

Many people choose this athletics over gym and yoga because it offers speculation, relaxation and self defense mechanism techniques.

Today the term ‘martial arts’ is associated with south-east Asiatic states such as China, Japan and Korea. Images of Jackie Chan and Bruce Lee, contending the enemy with their deathly boots, springs to mind when one negotiations of soldierly humanistic disciplines.

Very few people are cognizant that the thought of soldierly humanistic disciplines originated, ironically in India, which in antediluvian times ne’er went to war with any other state.

Let us non bury the antediluvian and traditional signifier of kalaripayattu, the anchor of soldierly humanistic disciplines. Let us non let this valuable art to travel unnoticed and obscure.

And like the ancient warriors of yore…let us fight to continue a valuable portion of our heritage.

Did You Know?

Bodhidharma, an Indian Buddhist monastic ( 5th/6th century CE ) is credited with presenting kalaripayattu to China. He is regarded as the laminitis of Zen Buddhism.

Kung Fu practised by Shaolin monastics traces its lineage to preparation provided by Bodhi Dharma.

Harmonizing to tradition, the monastics at the temple lacked energy and used to fall asleep during speculation. Bodhidharma taught the monasticscallisthenicss, take a breathing exercisings and Indian combat exercisings to assist better their staying power.

Fresh Facts

Odayan is the first Kalaripayattu warrior in a in writing novelOdayan: Aarambham.

It is a fictional narrative set in mediaeval Kerala.

Word Galaxy


embodiment of Lord Vishnu ; a version of a uninterrupted entity


systematic rhythmic bodily exercisings performed normally without setup


a battle between persons or groups


regard to a superior or elder


regulations of behavior based on thoughts about what is morally good and bad


to do more effectual


happening as a natural portion to something


a community in Kerala


traditional dance signifier of Kerala


warrior category in Kerala


to do immobile


a bird in Greek mythology that is reborn by lifting from its ashes


sacred ritual dance to laud Goddess Kali

  1. Choose the correct reply.
  1. Harmonizing to a fable
    • Parashuram introduced kalaripayattu in Kerala.
    • Parashuram introduced kalaripayattu in Maharashtra.
    • Parashuram introduced kalaripayattu in Punjab.
  1. Kalaripayattu is straight associated with
    • Dhanurveda and rigveda.
    • Dhanurveda and samveda.
    • Dhanurveda and Ayurveda.
  1. A kalaripayattu category begins with
    • illuming the Bhadradeepam and blowing the Godhead conch.
    • singing anthem.
    • breath control.
  1. Kalaripayattu has been a major beginning of influence in Kerala ‘s theater and dance signifiers like
  • Kathakali and Kathak.
  • Kathakali and Theyyam.
  • Bharatnatyam and Kathak.
  1. Answer the undermentioned inquiries.
  1. Trace the beginning of Kalaripayattu.
  2. How is kalaripayatu taught? What are the phases in kalaripayattu?
  3. How has Kalaripayattu evolved in modern times?

3. Individual Activity

a.Research and compose a short note on any other signifier of soldierly humanistic disciplines practised in India.

Cover the undermentioned countries:

  • where it started
  • what it consists of
  • its present signifier

B.Kalaripayyatu has majorly influenced both traditional and modern-day dance signifiers and theater. Imagine and pull an image of a modern Kalaripayatu warrior.

4. Classroom activity

Make you larn soldierly humanistic disciplines? What signifier of soldierly humanistic disciplines are you larning? Why are you larning it? Why don’t you demonstrate a few stairss in category?

Speak about the importance of larning soldierly humanistic disciplines in category ( how it improves concentration etc ) .

5. Turn with Grammar

Compound Nouns

A compound noun is a noun that is made with two or more words.

A compound noun is a combination of

  • noun + noun or
  • adjectival + noun or
  • other combinations

Each compound noun acts as a individual word and can be modified by adjectives and other nouns.

Compound nouns can look in the undermentioned signifiers.

  • infinite between words
  • dash between words
  • no infinite or dash between words

Noun + noun


The male childs are playing football in the rain.

coach halt

She has been waiting at the coach halt for the past 20 proceedingss.

Adjectival +noun

full Moon

This flower blooms merely at full Moon.


This new package makes redacting so easy.

verb + noun


Mother had an early breakfast and left for work.

swimming pool

Let’s go to the swimming pool for a speedy swim.



The husbandman woke up at dawn to milk the cattles.


Father took me to the salon for a haircut.



The check-out timings are really convenient in this hotel.

noun+prepositional phrase


Vinita’s mother-in-law will remain with her for a few months.



In Greek mythology, Pluto was the swayer

of the underworld.

noun + adjective


The papads he fried were paper-thin and crispy.


Solve the undermentioned crossword with compound nouns.


3.We sleep in this room. ( 7 )

4.This July, Mumbai experienced heavy — — — — ( 8 )


1.You use it to clean your dentitions. ( 10 )

2.It’s like a bell but it’s on the door. ( 8 )

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