Islam is merely one faith its beginnings are the Quran and Sunnah of Allah ‘s courier. It is the 1 and merely faith that Allah, the most gracious, accepts. This faith has one way and one way and is based on one methodological analysis that which the prophesier Mohammad ( pbuh ) followed along with his companions. A figure of people have gone astray from this faith and corrupted it, organizing different groups and religious orders, such as Sunna, Shiaa, and Sufis, the two major religious orders are Sunni and Shiaa. These divisions caused the Ummah to weaken and caused Fetna between the Muslims which led to civil wars and sectarian force in the Muslim states. There are certain grounds why Muslims divided into religious orders ; it is a fact that Muslims today are divided amongst themselves. The calamity is that such divisions are non authorized by Islam at all. Islam believes in furthering unity amongst its followings. The Holy Quran says: And keep fast, all together, by the rope of Allah, and be non divided among yourselves ; [ Al-Qur’an 3:103 ] . God has sent one prophesier one book, which relayed his 1 and merely message to all Muslims united under the name of Islam. Some Muslims deviated from the Islamic manner of life and became religious orders and parties.
There are two major religious orders in Islam which are the Sunni and the Shiaa. The SunniMuslims are the largest group in Islam, consisting the huge majority ( 80-90 % ) Of the universe ‘s 1.5 billion Moslems. ( 1 ) The Qur’an and the Sunnah as recorded in Hadith are the primary foundations of Sunni philosophy. Sunni Islam is referred to as the Orthodox version of the faith. The word Sunni comes from the term Sunnah, which refers to the words and actions or illustration of the Islamic prophesier Muhammad. The Sunni subdivision believes that the first four calif Mohammed ‘s replacements truly took his topographic point as the leaders of Muslims. They recognize the inheritor of the four calif as legitimate spiritual leaders. These inheritors ruled continuously in the Muslim universe until the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire following the terminal of the First World War. Followings of Sunni Islam see Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim to be the reliable Hadiths. The Sunni subdivision of Islam has four legal schools of idea or madhab, which are all accepted among one another. Sunni Muslims accept the first four calif as rightful replacements of Muhammad and accepts Hadiths narrated by Muhammad ‘s comrades.
The Second largest religious order in Islam is the Shiaa ; TheShiaaconstitutes 10-20 % of Islam ( 2 ) . Shiaa Islam is based on the instructions of the Quran and the message of the concluding prophesier of Islam, Muhammad. In contrast to other schools of idea, Shiaa Islam holds that Muhammad ‘s household, the Ahl al-Bayt, and certain persons among his posterities, who are known as Imams, have particular religious and political authorization over the community. Shiaa Muslims farther believe that Ali, Muhammad ‘s cousin, was the first of these Imams and was the rightful replacement to Muhammad, therefore reject the legitimacy of the first three calif. Shiaa respect Ali as the 2nd most of import figure after Prophet Muhammad. Harmonizing to them, Muhammad suggested on assorted occasions during his life-time that Ali should be the leader of Muslims after his death. Harmonizing to this position, Ali as the replacement of Muhammad non merely ruled over the community in justness, but besides interpreted the Sharia Law and its esoteric significance. Hence he was regarded as being free from mistake and wickedness, and appointed by God by Godhead edict to be the first Imam. Ali is known as the perfect adult male similar to the prophesier Muhammad harmonizing to Shiaa ‘s point of view. As a consequence, Shiaas use Hadiths attributed to Muhammad and Imams, and credited to the Prophet ‘s household and close associates, in contrast to the Sunni traditions where the Sunnah is mostly narrated by comrades. In 931 the Twelfth Imam disappeared. This was a seminal event in the history of Shiite Muslims. As R. Scott Appleby, a professor of history at the University of Notre Dame, explained: “Shiite Moslems, who are concentrated in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon, [ believe they ] had suffered the loss of divinely guided political leadership” at the clip of the Imam ‘s disappearing. Not “until the dominance of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1978” in Iran did Shiites acknowledge the authorization of a legitimate spiritual figure ( 3 ) did they believe that they had one time once more begun to populate under the authorization of a legitimate spiritual figure.
The split of the Muslims has caused many civil wars. The First Islamic civil war was “ The Fetna of the violent death of Othman ” , it was the first major civil war within the Islamic Caliphate. It emerged as a battle over who had the legal right to go the opinion Caliph. The difference shattered the integrity of the Muslim Ummah and set into gesture long-run inclination that ended in the division of Islam into Shiaa and Sunni religious orders. Nowadays, sectarian force is go oning in Iraq between the Sunni ‘s and the Shiaa. An Article on the Washington Post which was published on August 20, 2006 ( 4 ) , reported that a full blown Iraq civil war might ensue in the decease of 100s of 1000s of people and turn 1000000s of people into refugees. The cultural agitation could besides slop over to the remainder of the part, with “ copycat sezession efforts ” in adjacent states, such as Kuwait, Syria, and Lebanon, as these states have similar cultural diverseness. Another consequence of the civil war is the Growth of Refugee cantonments. By 2008, the UNHCR raised the estimation of refugees to a sum of about 4.7 million, with 2 million displaced externally and 2.7 million displaced internally. About 61 per centum of Iraqis that are externally displaced or that are populating outside Iraq stated that they do n’t desire to travel back to Iraq because they are threatened by the reserves over at that place. And 29 said that they do n’t desire to return because of the general insecurity over at that place. ( 5 )
Many struggles were caused between the Sunni and Shiaa in Iraq. Shiaa Death Squads started to Kidnap Sunnis and highly torment them. I had a Iraqi friend that experienced menaces, they lived in a small town which is all Shiaa and they were Sunni, the Shiaa Death Squads used to endanger them all the clip, and they kidnapped his gramps and tortured him because he refused to be from the Shiaa, they drilled holes in his organic structure and electrocuted him, and in the terminal they beheaded him and threw him on the route side, and they took a tape and gave it to my friends household as a warning. The other tactics or struggles are the suicide bombardment that was caused by both Sunni and Shiaa Militants. On February 22, 2006, the extremely provocative detonation took topographic point at the al-Askari Mosque in the Iraqi metropolis of Samarra, one of the holiest sites in Shiaa Islam, believed to hold been caused by a bomb planted by al-Qa’ida in Iraq. Although no hurts occurred in the blast, the mosque was badly damaged and the bombardment resulted in force over the undermentioned yearss. Over 100 dead organic structures with slug holes were found on the following twenty-four hours, and at least 165 people are thought to hold been killed. In the wake of this onslaught the U.S. military calculated that the mean homicide rate in Baghdad tripled from 11 to 33 deceases per twenty-four hours. ( 6 ) Tonss of Iraqi mosques were since attacked or taken-over by the sectarian forces. For illustration, a Sunni ( Al Qaeda ) mosque was burnt in the southern Iraqi town of Haswa on March 25, 2007, in the retaliation for the devastation of a Shiaa mosque in the town the old twenty-four hours. ( 7 ) Both Sunni ‘s and Shiaa act like two different faiths and like they ‘re non from the same faith, to a point that they started bombing and blowing the masks. The truth is that the Sunnah and Shiaa in Iraq are blowing their energy and contending against each other while they should be seeking to unify and contend their enemy.
Is this how we Muslims should be? Are we supposed to be divided and contending against each other? Is this what the Prophet and Allah told us to make? As long as Muslims and the Islamic universe are divided and are contending against each other the West will take advantage of us and of the Muslim lands, and the Muslim Ummah will ne’er hold the supreme power as it was at the Prophet ‘s clip. It necessary that we determine each other as Muslims and esteem our rights as brothers because merely so can we get down to truly travel frontward as one Ummah.