Since the execution of CET4/6 in 1987, it has had a really broad impact on the society, schools and pupils. The execution of CET4/6 all over the state, which makes people assess English degree with a incorporate mention, signifies that section of English learning gives adequate attending to college English instruction to better the English acquisition. And the community recognizes the pupils ‘ test consequences. However, presents CET4/6 has been oppugned progressively in world since it has its ain drawbacks and many bad influences, and some people even propose to get rid of CET4/6. Harmonizing to Gong ( 2001 ) , “ the Beijing Foreign Language Education Research Center Professor Liu Runqing reckoned that the the best manner for CET4/6 was to get rid of it ; Fujian Normal University PhD supervisor Professor Sun Shaozhen put frontward that the CET4/6 was destructing the quality of instruction in China as a blade. ” Indeed, the CET4/6 has it ain restriction, can non prove pupils ‘ degree precisely and does non redound to impermanent English instruction, that is CET4/6 is non appropriate nowadays.i??Supportingi?‰
( Indicate 1 ) CET4/6 itself has many drawbacks, the biggest one of which is that cogency is non high because of its exam signifier. Language cognition as the nucleus of traditional trial method is still the CET basic signifier and multiple-choice inquiries account for the huge bulk of documents ( Zheng,2009 ) . the Multiple-choice inquiries is a concentrated look of the dominant distinct position of linguistic communication testing.This trial construct considers the luanguage ability as discrete system which is comprised of vocabulary and grammar.
Zheng. ‘s ( 2009 ) survey found the followers:
Hughes, the linguistic communication proving experts, put frontward the six drawbacks of Multiple-choice inquiries: ( 1 ) It can merely place accomplishments of cognition, can non mensurate productive accomplishments ; ( 2 ) Possibly there is much guess when pupils choose the replies ; ( 3 ) It badly limits the contents of the trials ; ( 4 ) To plan good points is highly hard ; ( 5 ) It does non hold a good slipstream ; ( 6 ) it makes the cheating in the test potentially. ( P 15 )
Obviously, multiple-choice inquiries which merely test the pupils ‘ abilities of reading and declaiming are non merely contrary to the course of study, but besides contrary to the wants of the bulk of instructors and pupils and the intent of linguistic communication instruction ( Zheng,2009 ) . College English Syllabus ( Revised Edition ) ( 1999 ) clearly required that “ Train pupils with strong abilities of reading, listening, speech production, reading, authorship, and interlingual rendition, so that they can utilize English to pass on. ” Therefore, the chief aim of our linguistic communication instruction is to learn pupils how to pass on in English. This intent means that CET4/6 should concentrate on pupils ‘ linguistic communication abilities so as to do certain that the scrutiny is a good manner to advance English instruction and to accomplish the intent.
( Indicate 2 ) As the English 4/6 certification is given by the employs, schools and society ‘ sexcessive attending, the function of CET has undergone a qualitative alteration and has become the wand towards English learning. Many schools figure the pupils ‘ go throughing rates of scrutiny as the alone standards of the quality of English instruction, and some even associates the passing rates with instructors ‘ learning public presentation. Many English instructors can non to the full in conformity with the instruction demands of the College English Syllabus, give up the preparation of the linguistic communication accomplishments and cultural quality for pupils, chiefly concentrate on explicating the inquiries in the test documents and effort to utilize the tactics of making many many excises to better CET go throughing rates. Teachers besides think the intent of learning as how to better the pupils ‘ CET4/6 passing rates, which non merely affects the normal instruction order, but is non contributing to recognize the intent of College English Syllabus. College English learning evolves into the most typical exam-oriented instruction.
( indicate 3 ) What ‘s more, there are many jobs in pupils ‘ acquisition and believing English. At first, Chinese pupils larning English is inefficient, and the cost has great spread with the consequence should hold been obtained. Chinese pupils have started from the 4th class in primary school to larn the 2nd foreign linguistic communication, besides with another six-year secondary schools, four-year undergraduate and one to there old ages alumnus. The investing of excessively much clip has earnestly disturbed the formal professional acquisition, even so, some people still do n’t go through the English test. besides, harmonizing to Fu ( 2008 ) , many pupils do non truly like the English, merely for deriving making. Most of their motive is more practical and impermanent, deficiency of long-run ends and programs, such as to analyze abroad, to better professional criterions and so on. Although they have ideal trial consequences in the present, one time the nonsubjective demands is gone, scholars will be really hard to do advancement, or even halt foreign linguistic communication acquisition. In extra, As CET4/6 do n’t prove pupils ‘ unwritten accomplishments, pupils are self-satisfied with understanding the linguistic communication cognition. They learn English isolated grammar by rote and ignore ability of speech production linguistic communication and ability of practical communicating. As a affair of fact, harmonizing to Gong ( 2001 ) , many pupils who pass CET4/6 can non use the English cognition they have learned to pass on with each other, although they have mastered some basic cognition of English and some of the reading comprehension ability. Most pupils ‘ unwritten look ability is really hapless, for which, English has become dense English or illiterate in English. Furthermore, since pupils feel like to go throughing CET4/6 or acquiring high Markss, many of them darnel and take part in CET4/6 many times. Since ancient times, there is a unusual jurisprudence in the scrutiny system: there is a trial, there is rip offing. Some pupils will non go through it by rote all twenty-four hours, and merely take hazards to engage people replacing them rip offing in scrutiny. Harmonizing to Chen ( 2005 ) , ” Some schools even do mass rip offing so as to increase go throughing rates. In 1998 a rare national mass cheating in scrutiny took topographic point in some university. “ Cheating is really terrible in CET4/6. And some pupils participate in CET6 often until their grade is up to 600, in order to do their sketchs prettier, which besides lead to an increasing figure of CET4/6 campaigners.
( Expostulation ) In rule, a scientific trial consequences can supply good feedback for instruction, aid instructors to understand the consequence of teachingi??improve learning methods and quality, and besides assist pupils understand themselves ( Xiao,2009 ) . Actually, CET4/6 has played a certain positive function in advancing and raising the degree of English linguistic communication teaching.Recalling the 10 old ages scrutiny, it can non be denied that in the first old ages of execution of CET4/6, the foreign linguistic communication addition much more attending than earlier. In recent old ages, with announcement of College English Syllabus and the execution of CET, the quality of English instruction has been enhanced. And the aspiration to go through CET4/6 can spur pupils on larning English carefully and diligently, since get the hanging English is still really indispensable under the current state of affairs of universe. In fact, CET4/6 is non merely to prove the pupils ‘ English degree but besides to prove the pupils ‘ self-study ability, spirit of difficult work and sustainable doggedness.
However, it is undeniable that because of its built-in defects and important negative consequence, CET4/6 has been deviated from its service.Therefore, in order to do CET4/6 more suited for today ‘s society, it needs to reform. Therefore, Assessment of pupil accomplishment in foreign linguistic communications should be considered to reform in the scrutiny methods, rating system ; instructors, based on the old findings, should research utile methods and schemes to heighten pupils ‘ motive, such as, using meta- cognitive schemes, utilizing communicative method in their instruction, bettering learning methods, cultivating the pupils ‘ independent acquisition ( Wang,2002 ) ; pupils in modern clip should do full usage of modern educational resources, broaden the acquisition channel, strengthen communicating and comprehension abilities.