African American In The 1920s English Literature Essay

How were African- Americans truly treated in the 1920 ‘s and how did they experience about their intervention? African- Americans were mistreated and abused. African americans wanted freedom and regard. Life as an African- American in the 1920 ‘s was highly hard and is easy explained through poesy. Poetry explained the feelings of poets such as Claude Mckay, Jean Toomer, Countee Cullen, and Langston Hughes. They all explained different types of emotions like love and hatred. They besides explained what freedom meant to them and what they would make for freedom. Jean Toomer was a poet who believed it was all up to plant/machines and he was optimistic about this crisis, he had religion. As explained in “ Conversion ” , he says African Guardian of Souls, Drunk with rum, Feasting on a unusual manioc, Yeilding to new words and a weak parabola of a white-faced sardonic god- Grins, calls, Amons ” ( “ Bloom ” pg.43 ) . The poets felt that the “ African- American faith had suffer under Christian colonisation and ancient Gods have become weak sermonizers and leaders of the Afro-american communities ” . ( “ Bloom ” pg.45 ) Claude Mckay and Jean Toomer poems sort of related to each other. They both took an history from the NAACP certification on lynching in the South and both explained their closeness. Claude Mckay ‘s “ The Small People ” protested in resistance to the Paris Peace Conference to take action in decolonising Africa. “ The Small People of the troubled Earth, The small states that are weak and white- For them the glorification of another birth, For them the lifting of the head covering of dark. The large work forces of the universe in concert met, Have sent forth their power a new edict: Upon the old rough wrongs the amount must put Henceforth the small people must be free! ” ( Bloom pg.45 ) Jean Toomer and Claude Mckay both remained foreigners to the Harlem Renaissance but their early poesy shows the different force per unit areas of a literary field that had non yet been stabilized around Harlem. Langston Hughes work in the early 1930 ‘s was in three typical registries targeted for three comparatively distinct audiences and this division of Hughes work into three rudimentss manners can be seen as a contemplation of the comparative defects of the Left within the broader Afro-american community in the beginning of the 1930 at the same clip that the political, cultural, and economic impact of the Great Depression and a new communist party battle with Negro Liberation drawed African Americans intellectuals and artist further in the circles of the Communist. One manner of Langston Hughes authorship was what might be thought of as African American upheaval. That manner included big dramatic soliloquies such as “ The Negro Mother, ” The Colored Soldier, ” and the “ The Black Clown. ” Those readings was big at African American establishments and were largely attended by middle-class Afro-american audiences. This stuff included big formal conseritative verse forms of black pride and doggedness leavened by a piece such as “ Broke ” . All of these poets explained their feelings on how life as an Afro-american felt and affected them.

What type of feelings did the poets and African- Americans have? The poets had felt all different types of emotions. Emotions like love and hatred. They loved each other but hated the manner life was for them. “ Oh when I think of my enduring race, For weary centuries despised, oppressed, Enslaved and lynched, denied a human topographic point In the great life line of the Christian West ; And in the Black Land disinherited, Robbed in the ancient state of its birth, My bosom grows ill with hatred, becomes as lead, For this my race that has no place on Earth. Then from the dark deepnesss of my psyche I cry To the revenging angel to devour The white adult male ‘s universe of admirations utterly: ” ( “ Mckay ” pg 1 ) . Claude Mckay explains the feelings that are traveling on in the interior of African Americans. The lifestyle African Americans were populating truly sickened them. Blood, Sweet, and cryings was n’t even adequate to alter the manner life was for African Americans. They cried plentifulness of times because of their intervention. African- Americans was n’t even treated like their human existences and that ‘s really nerve-racking to be treated with such small regard. They felt like their freedom was stolen from them. “ Certain, name me any ugly name you choose — The steel of freedom does non stain. From those who live like bloodsuckers on the people ‘s lives, We must take back our land once more, America! ” ( “ Hughes ” pg1 ) . In the verse form ” Let America Be America “ Langston Hughes discusses on how he wants free will and how African-Americans were shot down because they were supporting for something they believed in and dreamed of holding one twenty-four hours. Having no freedom rights frustrates him and affects African americans and they all want is a alteration. African- Americans wanted their belongings back and they were willing to make anything it takes to acquire it back. All they wanted was their freedom and land back! In Jean Toomer ‘s “ November Cotton Flower ” it explains the late blooming of the flower and it becomes symbolic of a freedom from psychic decease, the freedom to love. “ Boll-weevil ‘s approach, and the winter ‘s cold, Made cotton-stalks expression rusty, seasons old, And cotton, scarce as any southern snow, Was disappearing ; the subdivision, so adenoidal and slow, Failed in its map dirt had caused the dirt to take All H2O from the watercourses ; dead birds were found In Wellss a 100 pess below the ground- Such was the season when the flower bloomed. Old folks were startled, and it shortly assumed Significance Superstition saw something it had ne’er seen before: Brown eyes that loved without a hint of fright, Beauty so sudden for that clip of twelvemonth. ” ( Bloom pg.4 )

Are at that place other ways that African American expressed their feelings, if so how? The African Americans besides expressed their feelings through vocalizing. Singing was sort of a manner to let go of emphasis and express yourself without truly being punished. “ Come, brother, come. Lashkar-e-taibas lift it ; come now, hewit! turn over off! Shackles fall upon the Judgment Day But lets non wait for it. God ‘s organic structure ‘s got a psyche, Bodies like to turn over the psyche, Cant blame God if we dont roll, Come, brother, axial rotation, axial rotation! ” ( “ Toomer ” pg.1 ) African Americans would sing vocals that show their spiritual belief. They had so much religion in God and was ever optimistic about things. “ God ‘s organic structure ‘s got a psyche, Bodies like to turn over the psyche, Cant blame God if we dont roll, Come, brother, axial rotation, axial rotation! ” ( “ Toomer ” pg.1 ) “ Cotton Song ” is a work vocal singed by field workers bailing cotton. It describes Judgment Day, when people will be set free of bondage. The chant besides expresses a fright of God and the demand to be a good quality psyche prior to Judgment Day. “ I am a harvester whose musculuss set at sunset. All my oats are cradled. But I am excessively chilled, and excessively fatigued to adhere them. And I hunger. I crack a grain between my dentitions. I do non savor it.

I have been in the Fieldss all twenty-four hours. My pharynx is dry. I hunger. My eyes are caked with dust of oatfields at harvest-time. I am a unsighted adult male who stares across the hills, seeking stack ‘d Fieldss of other reapers. It would be good to see them. . criminal ‘d, split, and iron-ring ‘d grips of the scythes. It would be good to see them, dust-caked and blind. I hunger. ” ( “ Toomer pg.8 ) In the vocal verse form “ Harvest Song ” Jean Toomer is a harvester in the field, who is hungering and exhausted at the twenty-four hours ‘s terminal. His pharynx is dried out and his face covered with dust. The dust in his eyes makes him incapable of seeing others harvesters in the field. He longs to see others like him. He is terrified to name out to his fellow workers because he does non desire them to suggest him their crop. He does non desire to rouse his demand for nutrient. The harvester ‘s ears are besides filled with dust, and he can non hear. He wants to hear other harvesters singing in the Fieldss. He acknowledges his hungriness and thirst once more. Jazz and blues were admired in Harlem as a consequence of the migration from the South. Paul Lawrence Dunbar had skilled national acclamation as a black author before the bend of the century and was a immense inspiration on later Afro-american literary creative persons. World War I saw the accomplishments of Claude McKay as a poet and author and James Weldon Johnson as a black fiction author.

African Americans merely like any other regular human existences dreamed! They dreamed for freedom and equality. “ For all the dreams we ‘ve dreamed, And all the vocals we ‘ve sung, And all the hopes we ‘ve held, And all the flags we ‘ve hung, The 1000000s who have nil for our wage — Except the dream that ‘s about dead today. ” ( “ Hughes ” pg.1 ) African Americans were willing to decease for this freedom they dreamed of. In the verse form “ Freedoms Plow ” Langston Hughes feels that it is best to decease free than to be alive as slaves and by that he meant he would instead decease and be free than to populate and be a slave. Langston Hughes truly displayed how passionate he was approximately life as an African- American in the verse form, “ BETTER TO DIE FREEA THAN TO LIVE SLAVES, ” he says “ ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL. NO MAN IS Good Enough TO GOVERN ANOTHER Man WITHOUT HIS CONSENT. BETTER DIE FREE, THAN TO LIVE SLAVES. ” ( “ Hughes ” pg.1 ) He is stating its better to be dead and free than to be alive and enduring. From this agony comes with depression and if you are down and alive so you might every bit good merely decease and be happy, that ‘s fundamentally what Langston Hughes is stating. That ‘s how all African- Americans felt during that clip unhappy and down from bondage. “ I SHALL return once more ; I shall return To express joy and love and watch with wonder-eyes At aureate midday the forest fires burn, Wafting their bluish black fume to sapphire skies. I shall return to lounge by the watercourses That bathe the brown blades of the bending grasses, And recognize one time more my 1000 dreams Of Waterss hotfooting down the mountain base on ballss. ” ( “ Mckay ” pg.1 ) Claude Mckay is stating that one twenty-four hours African-Americans will acquire their freedom back and will be able to what they want without any effects.

In decision African- Americans were mistreated and abused. African americans wanted freedom and regard. Life as an African- American in the 1920 ‘s was highly hard and is easy explained through poesy. Poetry explained the feelings of poets such as Claude Mckay, Jean Toomer, Countee Cullen, and Langston Hughes. They all explained different types of emotions like love and hatred. They besides explained what freedom meant to them and what they would make for freedom. Jean Toomer was a poet who believed it was all up to plant/machines and he was optimistic about this crisis, he had religion. As explained in “ Conversion ” , he says African Guardian of Souls, Drunk with rum, Feasting on a unusual manioc, Yeilding to new words and a weak parabola of a white-faced sardonic god- Grins, calls, Amons ” ( “ Bloom ” pg.43 ) . The poets felt that the “ African- American faith had suffer under Christian colonisation and ancient Gods have become weak sermonizers and leaders of the Afro-american communities ” . ( “ Bloom ” pg.45 ) Claude Mckay and Jean Toomer poems sort of related to each other. They both took an history from the NAACP certification on lynching in the South and both explained their closeness. Claude Mckay ‘s “ The Small People ” protested in resistance to the Paris Peace Conference to take action in decolonising Africa. “ The Small People of the troubled Earth, The small states that are weak and white- For them the glorification of another birth, For them the lifting of the head covering of dark. The large work forces of the universe in concert met, Have sent forth their power a new edict: Upon the old rough wrongs the amount must put Henceforth the small people must be free! ” ( Bloom pg.45 ) Jean Toomer and Claude Mckay both remained foreigners to the Harlem Renaissance but their early poesy shows the different force per unit areas of a literary field that had non yet been stabilized around Harlem. Langston Hughes work in the early 1930 ‘s was in three typical registries targeted for three comparatively distinct audiences and this division of Hughes work into three rudimentss manners can be seen as a contemplation of the comparative defects of the Left within the broader Afro-american community in the beginning of the 1930 at the same clip that the political, cultural, and economic impact of the Great Depression and a new communist party battle with Negro Liberation drawed African Americans intellectuals and artist further in the circles of the Communist. One manner of Langston Hughes authorship was what might be thought of as African American upheaval. That manner included big dramatic soliloquies such as “ The Negro Mother, ” The Colored Soldier, ” and the “ The Black Clown. ” Those readings was big at African American establishments and were largely attended by middle-class Afro-american audiences. This stuff included big formal conseritative verse forms of black pride and doggedness leavened by a piece such as “ Broke ” . All of these poets explained their feelings on how life as an Afro-american felt and affected them.

Work Cited

Bloom, Harold. Afro-american poets. New erectile dysfunction. New York: Bloom ‘s Literary Criticism/Chelsea House, 2009.

Bloom, Harold. Afro-american poets. New erectile dysfunction. New York: Bloom ‘s Literary Criticism/Chelsea House, 2009.

April 19, 2011: & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //poemhunter.com & gt ; .

April 19, 2011: & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //poemhunter.com & gt ; .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *