Critical Perspective Views Women As Victims English Literature Essay

The debut will put the gait of the thesis by giving the background to my thesis. In this sense, the debut will concentrate on reexamining the predominating critical positions that I challenge in my thesis. The purpose will be to put up the thought that the dominant critical position positions adult females as victims who are mistreated by work forces, a place that will be deconstructed in the undermentioned chapters of my thesis. Such critical claims will include Arlene Jackson ‘s “ The Question of Credibility in Anne Bronte ‘s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall ” and Juliet McMaster ‘s “ ‘Imbecile Laughter ‘ and ‘Desperate Earnest ‘ in The Tenant of Wildfell Hal, ” among others. Equally of import, the debut will study some critical positions that support the thesis. These include, Marilyn Graman and Maureen Walsh ‘s The Female Power Within: A Guide to Populating a Gentler, More Meaningful Life and Dan Abrams ‘s Man Down: Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt That Women Are Better Cops, Drivers, Gamblers, Spies, World Leaders, Beer Tasters, Hedge Fund Managers, and Just About Everything Else. In add-on, Laura Donaldson ‘s Decolonizing Feminisms: Race, Gender & A ; Empire Building will be used to reenforce the thesis.

The principle behind this literature reappraisal is to put the parametric quantities that my survey departs from and challenges. This going will be illustrated in the chapters that follow.

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Chapter 1: The Bronte Women: The Dominant View

This is the opening chapter of the thesis. The intent of this chapter will be to put the tone and lay the statement that will be refuted in ulterior chapters. Therefore, the focal point will be on the image painted in the three novels every bit far as adult females are concerned. The three sisters ‘ books present adult females as the abused and abused members of the society. For illustration, in Wuthering Heights, Catherine is depicted as a victim of Heathcliff ‘s desires. Similarly, in Agnes Grey, the supporter ‘s female parent is portrayed as the gentle, loving adult female who gives up her high life for the love of a hapless adult male, Agnes ‘s male parent. In The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Helen is shown as a victim non merely of Arthur but besides Gilbert, who is shown as the angry and irrational adult male who whips Lawrence and hurts Helen feelings on mere intuition that she would be leting Lawrence to tribunal her while cognizing that Markham is already into her.

The chapter will reexamine such word picture of adult females in the three novels in inside informations. However, the point that will be highlighted is that a careful analysis of some of the events in the books enables the acute reader and analyst to hold a more profound position of adult females, a position that shows that they are non the submissive adult females intended or viewed to be.

Since the thesis is about the proviso of grounds towards the place that adult females are non the victims of male hegemony as they are thought to be, this first chapter will be critical in puting up the issue that will be opposed by usage of analysis of both these primary beginnings every bit good as other believable secondary beginnings. In this respect, the nexus between this first chapter and the remainder of the thesis is that it will put the foundation for the full thesis through the constitution of the contested sentiment, which the remainder of the thesis will rupture down, while constructing the alternate position.

Chapter 2: The Bronte Women: The Hidden Face

As chapter 1 illustrates the traditional analysis of the Bronte adult females, chapter 2 will supply a dissenting analysis to that proposed in the first chapter. Hence this chapter comes to organize the Southern Cross of the thesis as it elaborates on the thesis. The three Bronte novels will be critically analyzed in order to portray the frequently unobserved powers of adult females. Areas where the female power appears in these novels will be highlighted to confirm the averment that adult females are non victims of male domination and maltreatment, but powerful members of the society whose powers, though non physical, can convey either impossible devastation or ultimate salvation.

A careful analysis of the events and characters will be conducted to back up the this averment. For illustration, in Emily Bronte ‘s Wuthering Heights, Catherine ‘s abuse of her natural female strengths and endowments is used to overrule Heathcliff ‘s reserve against and want to retreat from her commanding use, climaxing in calamity for both characters. In Anne Bronte ‘s The Tenant of Windfell Hall, Mrs. Helen uses her feminine power to emotionally mistreat Mr. Huntingdon through the backdown of her fondness, which leaves him huffy and angry. Another illustration of the powerful nature of adult females is shown by Miss Murray who is determined to utilize her feminine power to entrap Mr. Weston into falling for her before she gets married to Mr. Hatfield, to whom she is already engaged. Agnes competently describes Mr. Weston as Miss. Murray ‘s “ victim ” ( Bronte 212 ) .

Susan McKernan ‘s article entitled “ Feminist Literary Theory and Women ‘s Literary History: Contradictory Undertakings, ” will be used to make a critical duologue in this chapter. The article illustrates how some adult females have sought to shrive females from all that goes incorrect in relationships in peculiar and society in general. My statement in this chapter goes against this contention and proves that adult females are active participants in relationship direction. Another powerful secondary beginning that will be used in this chapter is Laura Donaldson ‘s Decolonizing Feminisms: Race, Gender & A ; Empire Building. This carefully written book will reenforce the thesis by demoing how female power has more possible that most people in society are willing to accept. It will therefore support the thought that adult females can merely be victims of work forces domination volitionally or unwittingly, but otherwise, they ought to hold the possible to stand up for themselves.

In connexion to the full thesis, this chapter brings up the subject of the paper. It agrees with the thesis and validates the statement.

Chapter 3: Female Power: When Women Admit It

This chapter will back up the subject of the thesis through the use of female voices in turn outing the being of female power. The purpose is to demo that the claim made in the thesis is mostly shared by adult females themselves, and hence has acceptance to it. There is no better manner to corroborate that person is in ownership of something than that individual coming out and acknowledging it himself or herself. This is what this chapter does by leting female voices to come out and asseverate that adult females are so powerful in their ain right.

The usage of these female voices will be targeted towards turn outing the thesis with mention to the major primary beginnings. Examples on the secondary beginnings include Signe Arnfred ‘s article entitled “ Sexual activity, Food and Female Power: Discussion of Data Material from Northern Mozambique. ” This mention will be used to turn out how the Bronte adult females may take advantage of the adult male ‘s demand to exert their power as illustrated elsewhere in the proposal. Another secondary beginning that will used in this chapter is Naomi Wolf ‘s Fire with Fire: The New Female Power and How to Use it. As illustrated above, Wolf ‘s belief in the being of feminine power greatly contributes to my thesis. Agnes, Helen, and Catherine, in add-on to other female characters in the novels, are non the weak victims some critics view them to be. They are adult females who enjoy a great degree of power that they use to act upon their milieus.

The mention to the primary beginnings and connexion to the overarching subject will supply the necessary flow and linkage for this chapter to the remainder of the paper. In more precise footings, the adult females voices used to reenforce the thesis provide a connexion to the 2nd chapter which endeavors to demo that adult females are non victims but powerful persons. It besides provides the basis for the undermentioned chapter which surveys the impact of the adult females ‘s realisation or deficiency thereof of feminine power.

Chapter 4: Female Power: Realization by Women or Lack Thereof

This chapter surveys the effects that emanate from the find by some adult females that they are in ownership of huge powers. It besides looks at what happens when some adult females fail to recognize that they so have these feminine powers that the thesis seeks to turn out that they so exist. Again, Naomi Wolf ‘s book, Fire with Fire: The New Female Power and How to Use it will be of great significance to this chapter. In add-on, “ The Least ‘Angelical ‘ Poem in the Language ” : Political Economy, Gender, and the Heritage of Aurora Leigh ” A by L.Dalley will besides be used. Dalley ‘s article gives insight into the Victorian adult females ‘s power and therefore invalidate any contention for the absence of this power in adult females even in the purportedly most patriarchal society..

Once once more, this will be done with mention to Bronte novels. The focal point will be on how the Bronte females ‘ realisation of their possible or lack thereof creates a great difference for themselves and for the work forces in touch with them. The cases where adult females have realized how powerful they are and used this cognition to carry through certain actions will be dealt with. For illustration, Helen ‘s realisation of her artistic endowment encourages her to go forth her hubby as it constitutes a beginning of income. In the same vena, Agnes ‘s belief in her potency for taking an independent life and do her start her venture as a governess, which adds to her experience and potency.

In relation to the other chapters, this chapter will be a concluding finding of fact that so adult females have powers as it will show what happens when the powers, which chapters two and three will hold shown exist, are put into usage by those who know of their presence, or non used, by adult females whose ignorance insulates them from cognizing the powers at their disposal. To a big extent, this chapter legitimizes the thesis as it takes the statement to the degree of detecting the result of what the thesis claims. At this phase, the statement is non about whether adult females have powers any longer, but about what happens when these powers are or are non used.


The decision will repeat the thesis as now has been validated through the statement in the preceding chapters. The major thoughts that are raised in support of the thesis and some of the readings, both primary and secondary, that have supported or opposed the statement will be briefly revisited. All in all, the decision will stress the proof of the thesis as logically put through the thesis chapters. .

Annotated Bibliography

Primary Beginnings

Bronte, A.A The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. New York: Harper & A ; Brothers. 1999.

BronteI? , C. , BronteI? , E. , & A ; BronteI? , A. The BronteI? Sisters: Three Novels.A New York: Penguin Books. ( 2009 ) .A

Secondary Beginnings

Abrams, Dan. Man Down: Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt That Women Are Better Cops, Drivers, Gamblers, Spies, World Leaders, Beer Tasters, Hedge Fund Managers, and Just About Everything Else.New York: Abrams Image.2011.

Based on grounds borrowed from the societal and concern universe, Dan Abrams presents a powerful narration of how adult females are better participants in different games of life. This message resonates good with the thesis whereby it supports the claim that adult females have powers that can be a force for good or evil, depending on their use. This is in resistance to the position that adult females are victims in society, whose agony in the custodies of work forces is apparent throughout history.

Berg, M. “ Hapless Dependents ” : Womans and Animals in Anne Bronte ‘s Agnes

Grey. “ A Studies in the Novel, 34 ( 2 ) , 177+ . ( 2002 ) .

Comparing animate beings to the laden nature of adult females under a patriarchal society, Berg provides a feasible contrast to Grey ‘s sensed ‘fall ‘ from a moral governess to one who commoditizes relationships as she comes to see animate beings in relationship to nutrient. This position will supply accelerators to the thesis since Agnes Grey is mostly considered a non-philosophical text but has deep undertones to feminine power and control.

Beetham, Margaret. “ Thinking Back Through our Mother ‘s Magazines: Feminism ‘s Inheritance from Nineteenth-Century Magazines for Mothers. ” Nineteenth Century Gender Studies. Issue 6.2, Summer 2010. Web. March 18, 2011.

This article gives a image of how female parents lived in the nineteenth century. This information is mostly based on magazines, and the overarching message is that adult females were mostly under the apron strings of work forces with limited authorization. Therefore, this article is portion of the grounds that that the place being disputed by the thesis so exists.

Braithwaite, W. S. The Bewitched Parsonage: The Story of the Brontes. New York: Coward-McCann. ( 1950 ) .A

Braithwaite provides germane penetrations into the lives of the Bronte sisters which informs their authorship and perceptual experience of the universe about them every bit good as their ain influence and power ( or miss thereof ) in their lives. This work will lend valuable penetrations into the sisters ‘ defences, perceptual experiences, and belief systems among an remarkably tragic set of fortunes.

Bump, J. “ The Family Dynamics of the Reception of Art. “ A Style, 31 ( 2 ) , 328+ . ( 1997 ) .

Bump ‘s article has been selected for this work due to his geographic expedition of the ego as it applies to understanding and using the work of the Bronte sisters. A “ socially stray and individualistic position of the ego that precludes the possibility of digesting fond regards or duties to another ” ( 328 ) to the full informs the thesis upon which this work is grounded.

Coontz, Stephanie. A Strange Stirring: The Feminine Mystique and American Women at the Dawn of the 1960s.New York: Basic Books.2011.

Stephanie Coontz is reacting to the work of Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique. She agrees with Friedan that adult females may hold undergone agony in society, but they had the powers to change these fortunes. Therefore, this book is in line with the averment made in the thesis.

Dalley, L. L. “ The Least ‘Angelical ‘ Poem in the Language ” : Political Economy, Gender, and the Heritage of Aurora Leigh. “ A Victorian Poetry, 44 ( 4 ) , 525+ . ( 2006 ) .

A unquestionably secondary, possibly even third beginning to this work, Dalley ‘s penetration into Victorian adult females ‘s power and political effects is critical to understanding the position adult females held of themselves during this epoch and farther lends scholarship to the hypothesis that such unbridled power can be really destructive.

Donaldson, Laura. E. Decolonizing Feminisms: Race, Gender & A ; Empire Building. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ( 1992 ) .A

Donaldson ‘s book was selected to impart a peculiar misprision – a psychological and cultural mis-recognition of gender-solipsistic power and influence among adult females across many civilizations and epochs. This work will heighten the thesis by supplying a compass for where to get down acknowledging the nuances of feminine power and control.

Duggan, Lisa & A ; Hunter, Nan. Sexual activity Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture. New York: Routledge, 2006.

This book is the work of two deeply informed adult females whose cognition of societal issues is beyond inquiry. Together, they present a clear image of how work forces and adult females have each vied for societal domination. The strength of each gender is appreciated, with the accent that both have the possible to progress society. The book serves to dismiss the subject of victimhood among adult females in both the Bronte novels and other plants.

Ermarth, E. D. The English Novel in History, 1840-1895. London: Routledge. ( 1997 ) .A

Ermarth ‘s book was selected for its part to the manner “ societal common denominator ” concept toward “ societal jobs aˆ¦ corporate order and personal individuality ” ( vii ) form a footing for feminist thought in Victorian times and the methods by which the Bronte sisters overrode masculine power to accomplish their aims. The significance will be found in using these author ‘s personal drift within their books with the hypothesis of this survey.

Flynn, E. A. Feminism beyond Modernism. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. ( 2002 ) .A

This book is indispensable as a secondary beginning since it serves to back up the repudiation of several feminist myths which prevent adult females from acknowledging both their innate power and ultimate duty in utilizing that power over work forces. As Flynn offprints and identifies the political, rational, and societal positions of feminism beyond the modern concept, this work will function as an indispensable text to back up the thesis of adult females ‘s ultimate power over their environment, in general and work forces, in peculiar.

Friedan, Betty & A ; Quindlen. The Feminine Mystique.New York: W. W. Norton & A ; Company, 2001.

Written by a recognized women’s rightist, this book marked the rise of feminism when it foremost appeared in the sixtiess in the United States. It inside informations the different positions that existed in society at the clip of publication and recognizes the fact thought that adult females had and still do hold the possible to take the lead in finding their lives. This book is a positive indorsement of the thesis.

Graman, Marilyn & A ; Walsh, Maureen. The Female Power Within: A Guide to Populating a Gentler, More Meaningful Life ( 1sted. ) .New York: Life Works Books.2002.Print.

This is a book by recognized women’s rightists who have unshakeable assurance in the power that adult females have to find their lives ‘ way alternatively of shouting of victimhood. It enhances the thesis of the thesis.

Hymowitz, Kay. Maning Up: How the Rise of Women Has Turned Men into Boys. New York: Basic Books.2011.Print.

Like Naomi Wolf, Kay portrays adult females as powerful and able to run into their duties without kicking. She uses humourous illustrations to demo how work forces become powerless when adult females utilize their powers in society, particularly within the household scene every bit good as the workplace. To the thesis, this book supports the thesis by demoing that adult females are so powerful.

Jackson, Arlene M. “ The Question of Credibility in Anne Bronte ‘s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. ” English Surveies 63:3 ( 1982 ) : 198-206. Print.

In a good written article, Arlene Jackson makes a elaborate commentary on The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. At some point, she acknowledges the claim that adult females were subjected to enduring during the Victorian period. This serves to heighten the position of victimhood on the portion of adult females. This is the place that the thesis seeks to rupture down by usage of grounds from the Bronte novels every bit good as other beginnings such as The Female Power Within: A Guide to Populating a Gentler, More Meaningful Life by Marilyn Graman and Maureen Walsh.

Joshi, P. “ Masculinity and Gossip in Anne Bronte ‘s Tenant. “ A Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, 49 ( 4 ) , 907+ . ( 2009 ) .

Joshi ‘s work could about be a beginning of primary literature support for the thesis ; relegated to a secondary one, nevertheless, will supply every bit of import confirmation for the hypothesis of this survey. Comparing feminine influence and Bronte ‘s novel, Joshi attempts to happen in-between land between “ renunciation of adult females ‘s cultureaˆ¦ ” and “ aˆ¦aggrandizement of adult females ‘s influence ” ( 908 ) through modern arguments on the topic.

Langland, E. “ The Angel out of the House: Philanthropy and Gender in Nineteenth-Century England. “ A CLIO, 32 ( 3 ) , 351+ . ( 2003 ) .

In this secondary beginning, adult females ‘s functions as altruists are examined for the built-in power in category and gender-based activities. Through Langland ‘s findings, the elusive power and control viewed through this lens is insightful and lends themselves to this hypothesis.

Levy, E. P. “ The Psychology of Loneliness in ‘Wuthering Highs. : .A Surveies in the Novel, 28 ( 2 ) , 158+ . ( 1996 ) .

Researching the concept of solitariness in Wuthering Heights accordingly lends a psychological deepness to the apprehension of this hypothesis ‘ premiss of feminine control and power in interrelatednesss with work forces. The article was selected for this part to a well-balanced survey that offers most readers a platform on which to stand.

McKernan, Susan. “ Feminist Literary Theory and Women ‘s Literary History: Contradictory Undertakings. “ A Hecate, 17 ( 1 ) , 150+ . ( 1991 ) .

Although McKernan writes to a chiefly Australian readership, the constructs of feminism and literature ‘s history provides valuable penetrations into the motion and its determined rejection of adult females as an accountable force in relationship direction. This article will supply an accurate background and contrast to this hypothesis and will mostly compare to the staying literature used in this survey.

McMaster, Juliet. “ ‘Imbecile Laughter ‘ and ‘Desperate Earnest ‘ in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. ” Modern Language Quarterly 43:4 ( 1982 ) , 352-68.

In this extremely critical analysis of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, McMaster addresses several issues such as the credibleness of the novel every bit good as the message. One thing she acknowledges that is relevant to the thesis is that the novel shows power constructions that favored work forces. This is a place that the thesis of the thesis seeks to go from.

Steinem, Gloria. Revolution from Within: A Book of Self-Esteem.New York: Small, Brown and Company.1993.Print.

Gloria Steinem recognizes that adult females have power in themselves, and if good used, they can extinguish all the agony they go through in society. This book serves as an indorsement of the thesis that adult females have powers as opposed to the position that they are powerless sick persons who are ever at the clemency of work forces.

Wolf, Naomi. Fire with Fire: The New Female Power and How to Use it. New York: Ballantine Books.1994.Print.

Written by a adult female with tremendous know how in feminine idea, this book is meant for adult females who are seeking to authorise themselves for success in a society that is perceived to be tilted in favour of work forces. It is suited for the thesis as it acknowledges that adult females so have power, and the earlier they discover this, the better.

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