Differences Between New England and the Chesapeake regions Although the English settled into both the Chesapeake and New England regions, they had formed into two completely opposite communities. Both regions came to America for different purposes. Whether the founders of this land was to make a profit, farm more land, or seek religious freedom, they did it to please their own intentions. There were many differences between the two regions, however two main places where they were opposites, were their lifestyle and their religion. New England is composed of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire.
The founders of this region were families with many children (Document B). They sought religious freedom and a place to worship how they wanted. To New England, religion was considered to be most important thing before anything else. They also had a strong participation towards religion. In the beginning of the formation of this region, many people referred to themselves as Puritans. New England farmed, but not to receive money. The land was not very good for farming, so they produced just enough crops to feed themselves and their family.
Also, because New England wasn’t a good place for farming, they didn’t need slaves to do their field work. Since farming wasn’t the way to receive their income, they had to find other ways to make money. Some jobs they had in New England were blacksmiths, whaling, fishing, and ship building. Blacksmiths made anything from locks to silverware. The items made were used to improve your home-life. Fishing and whaling were an efficient way to make money. They could catch enough sea-life to feed themselves and sell for money. Whaling also produced whale oil which was good for making soap and candles.
The best way to fish was to have a boat, which led to ship building. Ship building was also used to sell to fisherman, traders, and even sold to England. Another big thing in New England, was education. Everyone wanted to be able to read and write so they could study the bible, and other religious writings. New England was also based on family. John Winthrop wrote that they would “make others’ conditions our own, rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together” (Document A). This meant that they would be united as one and work together. New England had a set of goals to achieve.
Number one was to walk in the way of the Lord. Number two was to have 40 families in their town that are mixed between rich and poor. Number three was that everyone would have a place to live. Number four was that everyone would share the land and have a portion of farming area (Document D). The Chesapeake region included Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The reason why this area was settled was to find valuables, such as gold and silver, that they could sell for money. Many people worked in gold mines. According to Captain John Smith, “There was no talk . . . ig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold. ” (Document F). Virginia is the hometown to The Church of England. This may be so, but it wasn’t visited by many people. However, taxes were payed to support the church whether you were religious or not. Going to church was not a priority to the Chesapeake people. The founders of this region was not to search for religious freedom, but to make money off of the new cash crop, tobacco. Almost every plantation had some growing tobacco. Since there was so much of this crop being farmed, the Chesapeake people, unlike New England, owned slaves to harvest the plants.
Very few women moved to the Chesapeake region. The people who did set sail to America were mostly young men between 18 and 35 (Document C). Since it was mostly men who moved, their weren’t many families or children. The Chesapeake region and New England where both settled by the same people, Englishmen. Even though they came from the same country, they moved to America for different reasons. Once they arrived into the two different regions, they also lived as opposites. New England sailed to America for religious freedom and the Lord, and they were also family oriented. nlike them, The Chesapeake people moved for valuables and fortune, not for family and religion. They may have came from the same place, however they left for different reasons and beliefs. New England and the Chesapeake area were opposites when it comes to their lifestyle and beliefs Works Cited Hokamp, Hank. “General History/1700’s, and the Chesapeake and New England Regions. ” All Experts. N. p. , 11 Sept. 2006. Web. 5 July 2011. . “The Chesapeake and New England Colonies: A Comparison. ” 123HelpMe. com. 07 Jul 2011 .