I have chosen to research societal mobility in Medea by Euripides and The House of the Liquors by Isabel Allende. Social mobility is the grade to which an person or a household undergoes a alteration in societal position driven by internal or external forces. It is ever desirable but non ideally accepted by society. The South American society in The House of the Spirits, and the Greek society in Medea prohibited such displacements in societal position which frequently led to violent societal and personal turbulences. The writers exhibit this through the lives of the supporters and do an entreaty to the society to recognize the errors of the yesteryear, delve on the present oversight and breakdown the societal boundaries to construct a better society verging on cosmopolitan credence.
In both The House of the Spirits and Medea, the taking characters undergo a alteration in their societal position chiefly driven by love. Medea, for illustration, undergoes upward societal mobility out of her love for Jason. Even though she was a non-Greek, her obsessional love for Jason made her violate all the societal barriers and she ended up perpetrating a black offense of killing her brother and bewraying her household. Therefore Medea experiences a alteration in her societal position on get marrieding Jason and going a Grecian. Medea besides seeks shelter in the house of Aegues, the male monarch of Athens which is another illustration of her undergoing upward societal mobility. However, this is out of her love for seeking retaliation against Jason. While Blanca is motivated by passionate love ; for Jason it is the love for money, power, authorization and position that is the driving force. Since Jason was the boy of a King, he of course desired to be one himself but after ostracism from Ioclus consequent upon the disgraceful decease of King Pelias discovered to be engineered by his better half at his behest, his dream and desire of going a male monarch was viciously crushed. However, destiny, offering him the chance of going the King of Corinth, urged him to bewray his married woman and marry Glauce, the girl of King Creon, which would enable him to carry through his dream of wining the throne. Hence, this overpowering aspiration proved to be a cardinal factor behind Jason ‘s societal mobility. The passion between Blanca and Pedro Tercero makes them interrupt all the societal barriers and carry on their love in secret. However, the societal surroundings does non allow cohabitation. Hence, when Esteban realises that his girl was in love with a barbarian provincial, he creates an tumult by ruthlessly crushing up his ain girl and trying to take her lover ‘s life finally wining in chopping off three of his fingers. Petrified by her male parent ‘s wrath and freshly discovered consciousness of the societal protocol, Blanca compromises her love by accepting to get married the Gallic count which nevertheless ends disastrously. Hence the possible societal mobility that would hold resulted by Blanca ‘s matrimony to Pedro Tercero is kept at bay. However, when Jason leaves Medea to get married Glauce and undergoes upward societal mobility, the society views it as an immoral and dishonorable act and strongly criticizes him. Hence, Medea, like Esteban plots the slaying of Glauce and King Creon to learn her hubby a atrocious lesson for make bolding to bewray his married woman and guiltless kids. She goes to the extreme of perpetrating filicide in order to revenge the treachery. Therefore, the writers convey that in order to hold a society with comparative stableness, it must undergo a alteration of perceptual experience in single, societal, moral and ethical criterions.
Allende depicts Esteban as a character with negative positions on societal mobility and owing to his dictatorial attitude was convinced that the predominating societal hierarchy in his estate was non merely necessary but besides justified. He maintained that the provincials were without any civilized values and that they did n’t posses a head of their ain. Hence, it was to their best involvements that a ‘patron ‘ presided over them and governed them to retain their position of subservience. However, she subsequently exhibits a alteration in Esteban ‘s positions on societal mobility since he permits Blanca to populate with Pedro Tercero. This alteration is brought about by Esteban ‘s experience through life and his subsequent isolation by everybody mostly because of his barbarous attitude towards people from a lower station. Finally, he feels that it would be unjust to know apart among different categories. However, by the clip Esteban realises that he was incorrectly, it is excessively late and many dealingss are spoilt for good. However, the alteration in Esteban ‘s positions show that there is a flux in the society but the alteration is really laggard. Hence, Allende entreaties to the readers to rush up the alteration in their thought procedure.
In both Medea and The House of the Spirits, societal stationariness is coupled with societal favoritism and gender inequality. For illustration, it is absolutely justifiable for Esteban, the all mighty and unchallenged Godhead of the land to ravish peasant misss or have relationship with a cocotte. This is communicated by the writer in the undermentioned lines:
“ Wordss of his inhuman treatment spread throughout the part, arousing covetous esteem among the work forces of his category. They peasants conceal their girls and clenched their fists impotently because they could non face him. Esteban Trueba was stronger, and he had impunity ” 1
However, it is like perpetrating a iniquitous offense when Pedro Tercero falls in love with Esteban ‘s girl merely because he is the chief ‘s boy and has a line of descent of servitude. In Medea excessively, even though Medea helped the Greeks by utilizing her charming powers to obtain the Golden Fleece and accordingly bewraying her household, she was neither willfully accepted nor treated every bit by the Grecian Society when she underwent upward societal mobility by get marrieding Jason. This is apparent from the fact that everyone is in awe of Medea and she is banished and sent into expatriate from the land by King Creon who fears that her girl ‘s life is at hazard in the presence of Medea. Euripides demonstrates his fear through the undermentioned lines:
“ I am afraid of you. . .
You are a cagey adult female, versed in evil humanistic disciplines
And are angry at holding lost your hubby ‘s love.
I hear that you are endangering, so they tell me,
To make something against my girl and Jason
And me excessively ” 2
This was chiefly because she was a barbarian adult female and obsessed supernatural powers. However, with Jason, it is precisely the antonym merely because he is a adult male and furthermore a Grecian which strengthens his place and is wholly unharmed in the prevalent state of affairs. It is hence allowable for him to get married Glauce and undergo upward societal mobility and carry through his royal design at the cost of bewraying his married woman. Furthermore, he is pleasantly accepted in the society every bit good.
To reason, I believe that it is reasonably easy for us human existences to pull lineations to construct an idealistic society where merely felicity prevails. It is far easier to fault our ascendants to hold failed to follow certain societal norms and knock their errors. However, what we fail to recognize is that it is the restrictions of our ain perceptual experience of the universe that leads to societal strife. Each coevals oversees its ain errors and remains for the following coevals, an object of opinion. The lone solution for jobs such as that of societal mobility being prohibited prevarications in the society broadening its position and rectifying its errors which would enable the formation of a society closest to an idealistic 1.