Faces of the New Eve: Chick Lit and Social Reality
The functions that the adult females are playing in the 20 first century India are phenomenal. They have come a long manner from being merely a girl, a married woman, a female parent to potent forces that are determining the state. They have crossed the threshold of their places and stepped out into different professions that are significantly of import for the economic sciences of the state. Everyone is cognizant of Indira Nooyi, Swati Piramal, Falguni Nayar, Chandra Kochar and their likes who have carved niche for themselves and are taking full advantage of the fruits of globalisation. This has been possible because of instruction which has given this new found independency. They now have a room of their ain from the vantage point of which they speak a linguistic communication of Independence. This was echoed many decennaries ago by Simone de Beauvoir who had said that “the independent adult females is one who like work forces can travel from immanency to transcendency in her public life activities and avoid sadomasochistic relationships in her personal life” ( 670 ) . This comes from her feminist treatiseThe Second Sexual activity( 1949 ) in which she has ripped apart the veneer of prevailing societal order and has tried to transfuse that sense of grit and rebellion in adult females that is needed to contend against male hegemony. Culminating the long standing argument begun by authors such as Margaret Fuller in the 19th century, Beauvoir besides asserts that adult females can merely liberate themselves by “thinking, taking action, working, making on the same footings as men” ( 727 ) . It is obvious that idea is changed by instruction and ability to work and make comes from the power that is therefore generated.
Earlier, because of unknowingness and chiefly due to traditional bondages adult females had randomly agreed to subordinate themselves ; and because of their deficiency of resources had taken the unequal distribution of power between adult male and adult female as being predestined. Susan Moller Okin inJustice, Gender and the Family( 1989 ) amounts this up really compactly
When we look earnestly at the distribution between hubbies and married womans of such critical societal goods as work ( paid and unpaid ) , power, prestigiousness, self-esteem, chances, for self-development, and both physical and economic security constructed inequalities between them, right down the list. ( 136 )
What has happened today has been a redistribution of resources which has enabled a adult female to derive a gloss of equality and agitate the bonds of laterality. Due to their blatant enterprise to acquire out of the junior-grade syndrome, adult females today are besides interrupting the walls between the object and the capable place. It was this that was the root cause of their subjugation and clearly, linked to their organic structure and to gender. Such impressions are now being reconceptualized. But this is true of urban, in-between category working adult females entirely and we restrict to those and the texts referred to are by and about this apparent minority. We saylookingbecause the world of new India is that a much larger per centum of adult females are working than is statistically recognized.
Womans continue to play a fringy and peripheral function despite representing about half the population with a critical function in production and societal procedures. The enterprise taken by the early societal reformists did decide certain basic issues about the socialisation procedure which resulted in better chances for instruction, employment, net incomes, authorization and entitlement to belongings but still there is a long manner to travel and the battle against the long standing biass has yet non been resolved. Womans in India still face tremendous force per unit area to conform to societal mores and the demand to conform to traditional functions within households poses a barrier. Though adult females have made great paces in the corporate universe in the last three decennaries, they are still excessively frequently discouraged from holding callings that infringe excessively much on household life. On the other manus, it is besides true that adult females who have achieved academically and economically are seen to be smart and savvy, frequently non in a positive manner. Working adult females from the lower categories frequently take their economic independency excessively literally and fall a quarry to force but torment at the work topographic point is a pan-global phenomenon and India has its portion of the immorality. However, there is another side to the inquiry. It is widely observed that gaining power has allowed adult females to happen a voice and form sentiments of their ain ; adult females are progressively going cognizant that a calling will non be them the disregard of their household and kids but let them greater power to pass non merely on others but on themselves every bit good.
The new state of affairs in which Indian adult females are now happening themselves in has made them more vocal about their experiences and composing about their felt worth has changed over the old ages. Gone are the yearss when adult females had to compose under anonym or compose what was expected of them. Today, adult females can speak about anything and compose it as easy. From Baby Halder, a domestic aid who transcribes her life (A Life Less Ordinary2006 ) , the abrasiveness of turning up- oppressed to Ravathi, a hijra stating the truth about herself, to Sagarika Ghosh, a journalist (The Gin Drinkers1998 ) who writes about her experiences as does Barkha Dutt to others from different professions the writerly flower stalk is turning every twenty-four hours. There are those who have received acclamation as novelists in their ain right such as Arundhati Roy, Manju Kapoor, Gita Hariharan, Jaishree Mishra, Kiran Desai, and those who are in different professions and interpret their experiences into the printed page for the universe to acknowledge their being and going.
Womans authors are a major force to think with and organize a good 70 per cent of English composing in India. This is mostly because of the chances that adult females have been given and the reforms enacted in the past twosome of decennaries particularly in the field of instruction. As a consequence of advancing women’s instruction more and more misss belonging to the in-between category graduated and entered into the occupation market. Undoubtedly, they were subjugated and non merely were the women’s occupations considers secondary to the men’s but besides they were economically non at para with the men’s job- Nurses, instructors, amanuensiss and bank clerks was what they began with but bit by bit the new working adult female made her grade and today through several old ages to agitation, judicial proceeding and gender sensitisation every bit good as sexual torment she has acquired a position of her ain and at para with her working opposite numbers. Today it seems that in India gender has become irrelevant in the new professions and as the universe opens up wider and wider chances are increasing for those who have made ambition their premier end in life. The old battles are now irrelevant to the new age adult females and it seems that the Indian adult female has decidedly come of age. If we look at the authorship and the publication industry in India we witness a sea alteration, a complete face-over. Womans are garnering more awards and their work are being appreciated for the preciseness, the meticulosity and the added humane touch which has delivered more goods than even before.
Traveling down the history lane from a Sarojini Naidu and Toru Dutt through the wide-reigning kingdom of Anita Desai and Shashi Deshpande to the now excessively popular Diasporic authors on the one manus and ‘chick lits’ like Shobha De on the other, one is appalled by the quantum of end product. And today in the epoch ofMetro Readsone finds adult females from different professions seeking to do a new grade through the narrative of their diverse experiences- a adult female from the media composing her coverage, a bank CEO, a caput of a nutrient industry, from the scientific discipline and engineering sector, from those in the approaching call centres, everyone has a batch to impart to the feminist discourse of the twenty-four hours.
Shobha De is possibly the first adult female author to compose about man-woman relationship with our suppressions. Of Course there is Kamala Das who, through her verse forms and herMy Narrativebrought out the lip service that pervades all human relationships. De differs from Das in the sense that De is more familiar with the darker side of the so called sophisticated subdivision of society which parades as a decent crowd when there is sunlight. The sunset brings about a great transmutation in societal actions and cosmetics take over in bright visible radiations or in more stylish candle visible radiations. Morality takes a backseat and people become shadows. De is familiar this universe and she watches everything and writes attractively about the adult females who have decided to decline to go on with the conventional forms of gender, subalternity and gender specific functions and attains sexual independency by traveling against sexual subalternity.
Whatever Shobha De has portrayed, she has done it with a strong belief that the readers may hold a existent feel of the life of people who are rich and powerful. In fact De’s adult females are modern-day, urban ; middle-class Indian ladies who are non out with a exclusive purpose to over throw the constitution or the societal system in order to catch power. They are a set of well-equipped women- filthy rich, knowing, talented, and incredibly ambitious. These adult females are calculating and use work forces as agencies to an terminal, the terminal being a fulfilment of their purpose to go rich, celebrated, and independent, as her novelSnapshotshas rearranged the equation of the power game wherein adult female either controls power or is in a place to disregard the prescriptions of male authorization. The play of the novel has the background of Bombay in the last decennary of the present century. None of the critics have analyzed the novel in visible radiation of Shobha De’s adult females battles of achieving economic independency while traveling against economic subalternity. Historically, thematically, economically and culturallySnapshotdepicts adult female against subalternity.
A really dramatic group of new modern adult females are emerging stealthily in Indian blue society, which De nowadayss in her novels with enthusiasm and originative energy. Her adult females in the novels show a continuance of similar behavioural traits of the new adult females. They are all make bolding adult females and have tonss of staying power to confront the emphasis and strain of the high society they live in. They are non afraid of confronting every brick thrown in their manner in their manner in their enterprise to take lives on their ain footings. Power, money, and celebrity are the three biggest aspirations of these adult females.
Let us widen the statement raised by Shobha De to adult females who are working and individual as in the instance of Advaita Kala’s novelAbout Singlewhich takes up the issues related with the hotel industry of today. The book is a lively rehash of the Bridget Jones’ Diary, where the life of a 29 twelvemonth old calling adult female combating weight, hesitating between ego regard and katzenjammers and deplorably complicated love life, captures the imaginativeness of the readers. She typifies the hyper active individual adult female in a large metropolis who has to ‘make it’ in a man’s universe. She drinks, fumes, takes up disputing assignments is ever on the brink of nervous dislocations, and is a really imaginable stereotype of a invitee dealingss director in a five star hotel. Though about irreverent of Indian muliebrity, it is a contemplation of the turning assurance of adult females working in metropolitan metropoliss. The really fact that they are off from place and in wont two worlds- the widely distributed metropolis and the perfectly westernized atmosphere of a five star hotel- gives them a freedom that really few in India can believe of. Their slogan seems to be ‘to enjoy life is empowerment’ .
Like Pope’s heroine Belinda inThe Rape of the Lock,11 o’clock is excessively early to acquire up after a peculiarly dense katzenjammer. This is Aisha Bhatia, Guest Relations director who’s ‘most darks these yearss are girl’s darks out’ . She is an professed alky. She at the same time tolerates her occupation, hates her foreman, annoys her Ten, bonds large clip with friends Misha and Anushka and routinely suffers umbilical cord whiplash. As portion of her work she meets the rich, the bold and the beautiful ( ugly every bit good ) , dines at five leading luxury hotels, corsets in them during her travels, can call old and new universe vinos with elan. Though good paid, her salary gets sucked by her breezy life style.
The instance that Advaita Kala’s novelAbout Singlemakes though indirectly is that a good, profession oriented instruction is a key to a better life. The societal, political, filial and even biological wrongs done to adult females which the adult females accepted and tolerated softly non because they were non farinaceous or noncompliant, but because, being nescient, illiterate and uneducated they had non been able to acknowledge these as wrongs at all. A adult female can acknowledge her ain worth, can identity her demand to be an person in her ain right, and asseverate herself in her ain independent capacity merely when she is educated. Education is the arm she can utilize to contend the war of inequality between the nonreader and the educated. Education is the decoration that beautifies a adult female forever and knows no barrier of age, race, category, or position. Education is the ticket that allows a adult female to continue on the journey towards economic independency. Education helps in raising the position of adult females in four ways. Education helps a adult female to ( 1 ) earn an income in ulterior life ; ( 2 ) take part actively in public life ; ( 3 ) find her ain birthrate ; and ( 4 ) achieve personal liberty. The educated adult female has both the pick and the bargaining power in acquiring a occupation and salary, unlike her uneducated sister. She can besides exert a pick about the location of the occupation in the sense that she may or may non take to travel out of the place in order to acquire productive work. The fact remains that the higher the degree of instruction attained by a adult female, the more likely is she to come in and stay in employment for a longer period.
Geting back to the polemics that Simon-de-Beauvoir floated withThe Second Sexual activity( 1949 ) about adult females non being biologically but socially the other, chick lit dwells mostly on the extremes of distinctness that educated, urban immature adult females can fall a quarry to. In order to profess difference gendered entities like Aisha, Misha and Anushka flaunt their gender which becomes the trademark of adult females in ‘show’ infinites. They affirm to the impressions projected by the Gallic women’s rightists sing sex and gender, the cultural docket of extremist feminism.
Beauvoir, Simone de.The Second Sexual activity, ( Le Deuzieme Sexe 1949 ) . Ed. and Trans. H.M. Parshley. London: Picador, 1988. Print.
Kala, Advaita,About Single. Noida: Harper Collins, India, 2007. Print.
Okin, Susan Moller.Justice, Gender and the Family. New York: Basic Books. 1989. Print.
I, Arpit Kothari, did graduation and station graduation ( English ) from Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur in 2006 and 2008 severally. I completed M.Phil in 2009 from J.R.N. Rajasthan Vidyapeeth University, Udaipur. My thesis subject was “Varied Visions of Post-Liberalization India in Aravind Adiga’sThe White Tiger” . I am prosecuting PhD under the supervising of ( Prof. ) Dr. Rajul Bhargava from Central University of Haryana, Mahendergarh, Haryana. My research country is Contemporary Indian English Fiction. My countries of involvement are Indian English Fiction, Critical and Literary Theory. At present, I am working with JECRC University, Jaipur.