Five-Point Plan Analysis of Hemingway’s ‘The Old Man and the Sea’

A Five-Point Plan Analysis + Theme Description

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A Five-Point Plan Analysis + Theme Description

The novelThe Old Man and the Seawas written by Ernest Hemingway. It focuses on Santiago, an ripening and skilled fisherman who battles with a colossal marlin in the GulfofMexico. The motive in the narrative include: the king of beastss on the beach and crucifixion.

In the novel, Santiago often dreams about king of beastss on the beach: The first clip is on the Eve of his fishing expedition, the 2nd one happens when he sleeps amidst his hassle with the marlin, while the 3rd occurs at terminal of the novel. The king of beastss appear as greenhorns, typifying his young person. When they subsequently appear as grownups, they signify great aristocracy and strength. This provides Santiago with motive, aspiration and verve that lead him toward carry throughing his intent. These dreams suggest life’s round nature: The harmoniousness between opposing forces of nature, which are love and detest, life and decease, and devastation and regeneration.

The crucifixion imagination is an apparent manner in which Santiago is equated to Christ.Similar to Christ, Santiago is patient and low. Furthermore, the illustration of the old adult male fighting acclivitous with his mast on his shoulders resembles Christ’s walk toward Calvary. There is a clear contemplation of Christ on the cross when Santiago finally lies down on his bed, with his hemorrhage weaponries stretched out. The writer employs the crucifixion of Christ to represent transcendency by change by reversaling licking into victory, loss into addition, and decease into renewed life.

The chief subject of the narrative is gallantry. Santiago makes up for his age with his endurance to defy hungriness, hurting and isolation. He does non fault the sharks for snaping the marlin, but he acknowledges that it is his error to hold ventured far inward into the sea. As a fisher who has caught no fish in 84 yearss, Santiago is contending against licking. However, he does non give because he moves farther into the sea than he has of all time sailed earlier. He struggles with the marlin despite his exhaustion and hurting. After catching it, he hopelessly fights off the sharks. Whenever the state of affairs gets hard and he is threatened with desperation, he uses assorted tactics to excite his resistance to licking: He recollects memories of his strength while he was immature through dreams, and sometimes prays to God. Santiago has unlimited potencies in the presence of danger. His possible is realized when he manages to acquire the elephantine marlin. However, the result is less important than the battle as he besides chooses to conflict with the sharks. As a consequence, it is non truly of import that he brings the marlin place ; the of import thing is he wins the conflict, and after the battle he becomes a hero.

The story’s black hole is “a adult male can be destroyed but non defeated” . Santiago symbolizes every adult male ‘s conflict to last. Just like Santiago ‘s effort to take the marlin to the mainland integral is unsuccessful, no adult male can get away decease. However, through Santiago ‘s battle, the writer illustrates that get awaying from decease is non the major concern. Santiago sees the words, “ a adult male can be destroyed but non defeated” near to the terminal of his hassle with the marlin. That is to state, triumph over the ineluctable does non specify a adult male. Rather, it is his battle against the inevitable that defines him.

Annotated Bibliography

Melling, Philip. “ Cultural Imperialism, Afro-Cuban Religion, and Santiago ‘s Failure in Hemingway ‘s “ The Old Man and the Sea.” Hemingway Review 26.1 ( 2006 ) : 6-24.

Harmonizing to the Melling, the battle with the sharks is a important minute, as Santiago uses a wrecked oar to crush them. Santiago ‘s want to utilize a baseball chiropteran alternatively is crucially of import. This beginning is resourceful, because alternatively of dramatising the symbolic and sacred wooden tool of the Afro-Cuban civilization, the writer uses Santiago to live over the actions of Joe DiMaggio who was an American baseball hero. DiMaggio was a fisherman’s boy, and as a kid he used to mouse from place to pattern with a broken oar at nearby sandlots. Although Santiago does non possess DiMaggio ‘s accomplishments, his head works like that of a baseball participant. DiMaggio was popular during the World War II, and his importance was reminded to Americans through a vocal Sung by Lee Brown ‘s set. Santiago ‘s involvement in DiMaggio was deep, and was the result of legion media coverage during the post-war period.

Burhans Clinton S. “ The Old Man and the Sea: Hemingway ‘s Tragic Vision of Man. ” American Literature 31.4 ( 1960 ) : 446.

Harmonizing to this beginning, out at sea, Santiago as a fisherman additions deep penetration of himself and of his relationship with the universe around him. He views the sea as a adult female who gives or withholds great favours. He develops friendly relationship and love for all animals around him who portion unsafe and unpredictable lives. His deepest love for the marlin arises when he recognizes that he must capture it for his profession and pride, and non for his physical demand. The writer is comprehensive and uses graphic imagination to demo that unlike any other fish, the marlin was more of a religious entity in Santiago ‘s eyes than a mere physical necessity. He shows that the marlin is Santiago’s worthy opposition. Santiago finally kills the marlin because he feels that they are now peers and that the marlin is his brother. The writer claims Santiago has a sense of guilt and solitariness for sailing inwards into the sea, merely to kill angle that he loved in a heartfelt way. He believes he betrayed the fish and goes place with an empty sense of triumph.

Baskett, Sam S. “ Toward a ‘Fifth Dimension ‘ in The Old Man and the Sea. ” The Centennial Review 19.4 ( 1975 ) : 269-286.

Baskett gives a elaborate analysis ofThe Old Man and the Seaget downing from scriptural allusions to the aura of unfamiliarity possessed by Santiago, which he claims contributes to Hemingway’s 5th dimensional prose. Baskett lists several illustrations of how Hemingway uses 5th dimensional prose, such as how Santiago is seldom referred to as “Santiago” but frequently referred to as “the old man” . This beginning is elaborate because he begins to explicate the scriptural allusions found in Hemingway’s novel. Many comparings made are between transitions in the bible and the Santiago’s dreams about the king of beastss are clear.

Psychoanalytical Critical Theory Analysis

The Old Man and the Seais a simple narrative, but has a deeper message. It speaks of a man’s being, where doggedness, pride, regard and dreams drive his mission to thrive in the presence of battle. It is about Santiago’s unconquerable spirit because he stands as a representation of a mind-set toward life, and his expedition offers many lessons.

First, a adult male is non made for licking. The old adult male has nil but a bedraggled shed and a lame skiff. His tegument illustrates his adversities as it is marked with cicatrixs, furrows and splodges from the Sun. Alternatively of giving up after 84 yearss of non catching any fish, he sails further into the Gulf. A adult male continues to make whatever he must make to the best of his ability, no affair what tribulations befall him. While challenges and reverses can deprive a adult male of all outward marks of success, still his spirit can stay undefeated. For it can will a adult male to ne’er give up and to maintain on seeking.

Second, a adult male should non depend on fortune. In Santiago’s little Cuban fishing small town, he is calledsalao, which is the worst sort of bad fortune. This makes him an foreigner and it costs him his spouse, Manolin, whose parents prevent him from angling with him. While Santiago suffers from hungriness and poorness, other fishermen successfully have good fish crops every twenty-four hours. The narrative shows that anyone can hold luck, but non everybody can hold doggedness, accomplishment and finding. Santiago knows this and he believes in his ability and non opportunity.

Santiago believed that it was better to be lucky, but he preferred to demand.

Third, a adult male must bear adversity and hurting without ailment. At sea, Santiago is faced with the greatest challenge that comes in the signifier of a immense marlin. Near the border of his weariness, his left manus is profoundly cut. He washes the cut utilizing the sea’s salt H2O and lets it dry in the Sun. However, the manus refuses to mend and he is compelled to merely utilize his right manus, against the marlin that is longer than his skiff. Santiago merelytakes his agony as it comes. He is comfy but agony, even thoughhe does non admit the agony at all.

Finally, a adult male seeks inspiration from others. For Santiago, Joe DiMaggio is the individual who motivates him. He has traits that Santiago admires and he reminds him that to be successful one has to set all of oneself into a undertaking and endure under trouble.


The Old Man and the Seais a speedy and easy read, with outstanding characters and first-class plot.Written in 1952, it is one of Hemingway’s most interesting plants. Written in a linguistic communication of great simpleness, it is the narrative of an old Cuban fisherman, who is down on fortune and in great agony in a relentless and agonising conflict with an tremendous marlin in the Gulf of Mexico. The writer, Ernest Hemingway, recasts in a strikingly modern attack, the authoritative subject of bravery in the presence of licking. While it is impressive that the full book tells a narrative that would normally merely take a chapter in an ordinary book, it is besides a great manner to travel the reader who wants something to take topographic point outside of the boat. I would urge this novel to my equals because of it is gratifying to read.

Popular Culture Connection

Old Man and the Sea,is a rich collector’s item of literature that is full of intended and assumed symbolism. It is a resource of pop civilization: The novel reflects a cosmopolitan form of socioeconomic transmutation familiar even today amongst developing states. In rural Cuba during the 1930s and 1940s, the customary fishing civilization that was isolated from the developed universe and edge to widen households and closely knit communities started switching to the material promotion of a fishing industry that was reliant on the modern universe for its support. This modern fishing industry was dependent on mechanised methods to vouch net income, and was less bound to local communities and extended families.Inthe novel, the writer depicts Santiago as a devoted fisherman whose expertness is cardinal to his individuality, codification of behavior, and nature ‘s order. However, Hemingway presents the younger fishermen as providers of shark livers for America’s pod liver oil industry, who utilize their net incomes to purchase motorised boats and mechanised equipment, and approach their fishing as a manner to come on their stuff fortunes.

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