Gender Identity In Feminist Science Fiction English Literature Essay

By carry oning this research I discovered to what extent the subject had been antecedently covered and what input I could set into the country without reiterating others. I found that Carter and Russ have seldom, if at all, been studied entirely alongside each other even though both their plants have been identified as feminist scientific discipline fiction. I therefore wish to research how gender individuality is dealt with in their plants and the intent of utilizing the scientific discipline fiction genre to make so.

Baccolini makes the point that modern-day sci-fi texts written by adult females progressively foreground the interaction of gender and genre. In peculiar, the inquiring of generic conventions by feminist sci-fi authors appears to hold contributed to the creative activity of a new genre, such as the critical dystopia or plants of sci-fi that contain both Utopian and dystopian elements with the purpose of deconstructing tradition and retracing options.

Hollinger draws similarities between feminist theory and fagot theory in a command to research how the variable building of gender individuality is represented in scientific discipline fiction by adult females authors. She states the importance of associating theory to fictions as they function to propose information about each other and de-familiarise each other. She reaffirms that scientific discipline fiction is a utile discourse within which theoretical constructs on the issues of gender and gender can be represented.

Cortiel discusses how Russs work transforms genre and plot conventions and disrupts the naturalized alliance of sex, gender, and gender. She critically interprets Russs earlier short fiction and how they relate to her subsequently explicitly feminist plants. Although Cortiels chief focal point is on the earlier short narratives of Russ, she besides makes interesting reviews on gender and gender in Russs novels, and to my peculiar involvement – The Female Man.

3. In her book Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, Judith Butler argues that traditional feminism is incorrect to look to a natural, indispensable impression of the female, or so of sex or gender. She inquiries the class adult female: who does it include, and who decides who it includes? She besides inquiries the footings masculine and feminine, finding that they are non biologically fixed but culturally presupposed. Butler besides explores the construct of gender as a reiterated societal public presentation instead than the look of a anterior world.

4. In To Write like a Woman, Joanna Russ sets a criterion of clear, intelligent, and grim feminist unfavorable judgment. This aggregation of her essays includes subjects relevant to my research subject such as the aesthetic of scientific discipline fiction and feminist Utopian novels.

In her essay What Can a Heroine Do? Or Why Women Cant Write, Russ discusses narratives or myths whose genres employ secret plans that are non limited to one sex. She names science fiction as one such genre that by and large involves a secret plan which explores a new universe, human intelligence, and human adaptability. Such secret plans do non by and large affect our culturally contrived gender functions and hence allow authors to make absorbing characters that deal with current experiences and non familial literary myths.

In the chapter Recent Feminist Utopias, examples from assorted texts, including The Female Man, are used to research the characteristics of feminist Utopian fiction. A peculiarly interesting point is made as respects female pubescence in feminist Utopia, where Russ states that feminist Utopia offer an alternate theoretical account of female pubescence that allows the miss to travel into a full and free maturity.

5. While admiting the edification and applicability of Butler ‘s theories on the performativity of gender individuality, Trevennas article, entitled “ Gender as Performance: Questioning the ‘Butlerification ‘ of Angela Carter ‘s Fiction ” , argues that there are important differences between Butler ‘s presentation of gender acquisition and that presented in Carter ‘s fiction.

Foregrounding how dominant theoretical tendencies can frequently problematically displace other relevant attacks, this article suggests that Carter ‘s presentation of gender acquisition is more in conformity with that promoted by Simone de Beauvoir in The Second Sex instead than the presently more stylish theories of Judith Butler. It farther suggests that Carters work besides moves beyond the feminism of de Beauvoir and invites a more modern-day critical argument through its presentation of the pre-gendered topic as unstable and disconnected.

6. In the chapter Ursula Le Guin ‘s The Left Hand of Darkness: Androgyny and the Feminist Utopia from Women and Utopia, Jewell Parker Rhodes discusses the intent of hermaphroditism in the plants of feminist authors. Although Ursula Le Guin sees androgyny as a heuristic for finding indispensable humanity without womb-to-tomb cultural conditioning of gender functions, Parker Rhodes argues that that the hermaphrodite is an original that claims a adult female to be lacking and in demand of masculinity. I feel this is an interesting statement which can be farther explored in the texts, particularly in Russs character Joanna in The Female Man.

The bulk of my research on feminist scientific discipline fiction explores the inquiring of dominant cultural definitions of difference and individuality through the plants of authors such as Octavia Butler, Vonda McIntyre, Suzy McKee Charnas, Pamela Sargent, and Margaret Atwood. For this undertaking I propose to look into the elements of feminist scientific discipline fiction through Carter and Russ, in peculiar The Passion of New Eve and The Female Man. Although Russ is on a regular basis discussed within the genre, her work doesnt seem to be studied alongside Carters. I plan to discourse comparings and differences between how these two scientific discipline fiction novels deal with gender individuality. Furthermore, I wish to associate impressions of gender by theoreticians such as Butler and de Beauvior to the attack of both authors to gender individuality.

Section Three:


The debut shall sketch the purpose of my survey and include brief sum-ups of the chapters that follow.

Chapter 1:

The first chapter shall include different unfavorable judgments and theories on feminist scientific discipline fiction and gender that I have found through my research. This subdivision shall look into what devices the scientific discipline fiction genre has that attract feminist authors and peculiarly how they use Utopian and dystopian elements to deconstruct tradition and reconstruct alternate societies. I will besides include a scope of illustrations from the plants of feminist scientific discipline fiction authors such as Ursula K. Le Guin, Marge Piercy, Margaret Atwood, and Octavia Butler.

Chapter 2:

This chapter will concentrate on the scenes of the chosen plants and analyze how gender is treated by the different societies.

Chapter 3:

This chapter shall cover with how both Carter and Russ play with gender individualities in the single characters of their plants. Here their positions on the relationship between biological sex and gender individuality can be compared to the gender theories of Butler and de Beauvoir.


The decision shall summarize the points made in the old chapters and highlight any chief struggles or similarities I discover.

Section 4:

In decision, holding researched my nucleus bibliography, I plan to go on my research of gender individuality in feminist scientific discipline fiction with peculiar focal point on secondary unfavorable judgments of The Passion of New Eve and The Female Man. Once I have done this I shall hold a greater penetration into the research and unfavorable judgment that has already been done in the country and hence be in a better place all right tune the points which I plan to do on this subject.

Revised Core Bibliography:

Barr, Marleen S.Alien to Femininity: Bad Fiction and Feminist Theory. New York: Greenwood, 1987. Print.

Barr, Marleen S.Future Females: A Critical Anthology. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular, 1981. Print.

Butler, Judith.Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990. Print.

Russ, Joanna.To Write like a Woman: Essaies in Feminism and Science Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1995. Print.

Trevenna, Joanne. “ Gender as Performance: Questioning the ‘Butlerification ‘ of Angela Carter ‘s Fiction. “ Journal of Gender Studies11.3 ( 2002 ) : 267-76. Print.

Extended bibliography:

Annas, Pamela J. “ New Worlds, New Words: Androgyny in Feminist Science Fiction. “ Science Fiction Studies5.2 ( 1978 ) : 143-56.JSTOR. Web. Apr. 2011.

Ayres, Susan. “ The “ Straight Mind ” in Russ ‘s “ The Female Man ” ” Science Fiction Studies22.1 ( 1995 ) : 22-34.JSTOR. Web. Apr. 2011.

Barr, Marleen S.Lost in Space: Probing Feminist Science Fiction and beyond. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina, 1993. Print.

DuPlessis, Rachel Blau. “ The Feminist Apologues of Lessing, Piercy, and Russ. “ Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies4.1 ( 1979 ) : 1-8.JSTOR. Web. Apr. 2011.

Gamble, Sarah.Angela Carter: Writing from the Front Line.Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1997. Print.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. “ On Female Identity and Writing by Women. “ Critical Inquiry8.2 ( 1981 ) : 347-61.JSTOR. Web. Apr. 2011.

Kerchy, Anna.Body Texts in the Novels of Angela Carter: Writing from a Corporeagraphic Point of View. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 2008. Print.

St. martins, Susana S. “ Revising the Future in “ The Female Man ” ” Science Fiction Studies32.3 ( 2005 ) : 405-22.JSTOR. Web. Apr. 2011.

Merrick, Helen. “ ‘Fantastic Dialogues ‘ : Critical Narratives About Feminism and Science Fiction. “ Talking Science Fiction: Dialogue and Interpretation. By Andy Sawyer and David Seed. Liverpool: Liverpool U.P. , 2000. 52-68. Print.

Parker Rhodes, Jewell. “ Androgyny and the Feminist Utopia. “ Women and Utopia: Critical Interpretations. By Marleen S. Barr and Nicholas D. Smith. Lanham, MD: University of America, 1983. 108-20. Print.

Rubinson, Gregory J. “ On the Beach of Elsewhere: Angela Carter ‘s Moral Pornography and the Critique of Gender Archetypes. “ Women ‘s Studies29.6 ( 2000 ) : 717-40.Informaworld. Web.

Russ, Joanna. “ Women and SF: Three Letters. “ Science Fiction Studies7.2 ( 1980 ) : 232-36.JSTOR. SF-TH Inc. Web. Apr. 2011. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // & gt ; .

Russo, Mary J.The Female Grotesque: Hazard, Excess, and Modernity. New York: Routledge, 1995. Print.

Sage, Lorna.Flesh and the Mirror: Essaies on the Art of Angela Carter. London: Virago, 1995. Print.

Spencer, Kathleen L. “ Rescuing the Female Child: The Fiction of Joanna Russ. “ Science Fiction Studies17.2 ( 1990 ) : 167-87.JSTOR. Web. Apr. 2011.

Wyatt, Jean. “ The Violence of Gendering: Castration Images in Angela Carters The Magic Toyshop, The Passion of New Eve and Peter and The Wolf.. ” Angela Carter: [ modern-day Critical Essays ] . By Alison Easton. Palgrave Macmillan, 2000. 58-84. Print.

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