Poems Explore The Theme Of Death English Literature Essay

How make the Writers of ‘Remember ‘ , ‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ and ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ use their verse forms to research the subject of decease? Christina Rossetti ‘s ‘Remember ‘ , Phyllis McCormack ‘s ‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ and Chinua Achebe ‘s ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ all explore the effects of decease and the agony it causes for everyone straight involved. In Rossetti ‘s ‘Remember ‘ the poet shows us the hurting and desperation associated with decease. McCormack ‘s ‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ is a supplication for people to see past the typical stereotype of old people as being hopeless and non deserving caring for, when they are approaching decease. Chinua Achebe ‘s ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ conveys to us the arrant devotedness a female parent feels for her kid whilst cognizing that her clip is limited, and is based on refugees in the Nigerian civil war in the 1960 ‘s.

In Christina Rossetti ‘s ‘Remember ‘ a adult female is first inquiring her spouse to ne’er bury her even though she is close to decease, but so changes her head and realizes that it is rational for him to bury her and populate his ain life. The first stanza starts with her stating “ Remember me when I am gone off, ” in this the adult female addresses her loved one, and even though she uses the imperative it does non experience commanding at all. In making this Rossetti has efficaciously established a sense of understanding towards the adult female. The following line “ Gone far off into the soundless land ; ” uses “ Gone far awayaˆ¦ “ as a euphemism of decease and with the usage of the word “ far ” the euphemism becopmes more powerful due to the fact that distance is added. The other half of the sentence “ soundless land ” nowadayss us with a placid image of the hereafter whilst still giving the reader a sense of isolation through the usage of the word “ soundless ” . Rossetti uses initial rhyme in “ keep me by the manus, ” to clearly demo us what their relationship used to be and to show us with a physical connexion that has been lost because of her decease. The 2nd stanza is similar to the first in the sense that she is seeking to convert her spouse ne’er to bury her. The concluding stanza gives us a dramatic alteration to the remainder of the verse form. She now tells her spouse that it would be all right to “ bury me for a piece ” . This shows us that she is really a caring individual and merely wants what is best for her spouse, and instead have him travel on than linger in hurting for the remainder of his life. As we are now given an image of her lovingness love the verse form ends optimistically.

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As this is a sonnet it should follow either the Petrachan construction or the Shakespearian construction, ‘Remember ‘ does neither, although it is rather similar to the Petrarchan construction. A Petrarchan construction would typically follow the rhyming form of A-B-B-A/A-B-B-A/C-D-E-C-D-E ( the cuts stand foring the alteration in stanza ) , whereas Rossetti ‘s sonnet follows the rhyming construction of A-B-B-A/A-B-B-A/C-D-D-E-C-E. I found that Rossetti normally changes the rhyming form in her sonnets[ 1 ]. This is done deliberately as the significance signifier the eight has now been changed in the six. At first it was a supplication for her spouse non to bury her, and so it changed to her desiring her spouse to bury. This makes the poem really fluid because non merely does the context of the lines alteration, the rhyming form has besides adapted to this alteration in context. The iambic pentameter adds a really smooth beat to the verse form, doing it look as though the adult female is unagitated and non angered, even in decease.

‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ and ‘Remember ‘ are likewise in the sense that they both have a voice showing an statement which pleads for recollection. In ‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ we are presented with an old lady whose end is to seek and convert the nurses to see past the typical stereotype of old people as hopeless and non deserving caring for, as she is approaching decease and does non desire to be remembered as such. The rubric of this verse form instantly evokes a sense of decease as old age is frequently associated with it. The first 22 lines are a series of inquiries which are directed towards the nurses, and are seeking to uncover the typical beliefs that the nurses have when caring for the old adult female. The turning point of this verse form occurs at line 23-24 “ Then open your eyes/ you ‘re non looking at me. ” This line is the old lady demanding to be acknowledged by the nurses. The original negative onslaught upon the nurses has now changed to positive, happy memories as we are led through her life. In this life narrative the linguistic communication has wholly changed from a colloquial manner to a more poetic manner. This alteration is shown by line 34 “ with wings on her pess, ” which is a metaphor for the freedom she one time had, whereas now her freedom is restricted as she can non go forth the infirmary. The remembrances of her life are highly accurate and since we are traveling through her life as she ages it feels as if we are turning the pages of a book “ At 40 ” , “ At 50 ” . One interesting thing that McCormack has done is that she has kept this portion all in present tense. Making this is a manner of demoing the reader that these memories are kept fresh in her head, and it shows us that she can retrieve it with easiness.

The following turning point of the verse form once more induces a temper alteration except this clip it is from positive to negative. The really first line ( line 57 ) of this temper alter entirely sets the tone for the remainder of the verse form. “ Dark yearss are upon me, ” this line shows us merely what her life is like now, fearful and cold. The personification of nature in line 67/68 “ Tis her joke to make/ old age expression like a sap. ” shows us her ideas and feelings ; that she feels like an imbecile and is at that place to be laughed at. This last portion contains imagery associated with death- ” crumbles ” , “ old carcase ” and “ beat-up bosom ” . This imagination makes the reader recognize what is go oning to the adult female in her old age, and that her decease is inevitable. The concluding thing worth adverting about this verse form is that although the adult female does non desire to decease she accepts that her decease is a “ blunt fact ” and asks the nurses one more clip to see past her physical organic structure and look inside and see who she truly is.

Similarly, ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ besides presents a series of “ blunt fact [ s ] ” to show the horrors of decease for the refugees in Nigeria. In Chinua Achebe ‘s ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ we are shown what day-to-day life is like for refugees in the Nigerian civil war ; they are filled with decease and sorrow. This verse form is based on the refugees who were in the civil war in Nigeria in the 1960 ‘s[ 2 ], and although he bases this verse form on merely one of the refugee households, in kernel this was what was go oning to all the refugees. This civil war created 1000000s of refugees which had to fly to the south-east of Nigeria to avoid being killed2. One of the first things Achebe does in this verse form is arousing a sense of spiritual images of fear by mentioning to “ Madonna and Child ” . These images suggest the sheer devotedness the refugee female parent feels for her deceasing kid, and it besides attaches non merely a physical love but a religious love every bit good. This first stanza is in complete contrast the 2nd 1 in which we are presented with negative and coarse linguistic communication, which portrays the state of affairs of the refugees. Achebe has efficaciously appealed to three of our senses: touch, odor and sight with “ combed the rust-colored hair ” , “ smell of diarrhea ” and “ blown unfastened abdomens ” respectfully. Achebe uses these vulgar images to seek and do us understand the cruel world of the universe, which is, many guiltless people enduring due to the effects of war. Physical descriptions of the refugees such as “ exhausted ribs and dried-up undersides ” are used to once more seek and do us understand the horrors that these people face every twenty-four hours. Stanza 2 starts off with a reasonably long gap sentence which has few verbs. This is deserving adverting because since there are less verbs it implies the deficiency of energy these people have. The female parent is associated with a “ shade ” twice in this verse form. This pick of enunciation gives us the feeling that she is close to decease and that even her ain decease is inevitable, non merely her kid ‘s. Last Achebe reminds us of the female parent and kid ‘s old lives, which were normal ( this would hold been before the civil war in Nigeria ) . In making this we are brought closer to them. The concluding simile of the verse form “ now she did it like seting bantam flowers on a grave ” brings us back to world and makes us recognize that the kid will decease.

All three verse forms deal with the subject of decease frequently in direct and clear ways. Although each of the poet ‘s talk about different facets of decease, they all still complement each other in footings of the concluding results for the characters portrayed in the verse form. Achebe ‘s verse form shows the results of wars and political battles whereas Rossetti ‘s and McCormack ‘s verse forms both trade with decease in a more controlled environment where the cause of decease is non due to the states struggles. The chief difference between all three verse forms is the manner decease is presented. In ‘Remember ‘ , although decease is a critical portion of the verse form it besides revolves around emotions of the characters alternatively of merely the coarseness of decease. This is a contrast to ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ where the coarseness of decease is the chief facet of the verse form. ‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ besides differs to the other verse form as age is an of import feature of the piece. ‘Refugee Mother and Child ‘ and ‘Crabbit Old Woman ‘ likewise use physical imagination which ‘Remember ‘ does non. This usage of physical imagination makes understanding the poet ‘s message finally easier. In decision these verse forms have given me a greater grasp for the complexness of decease and how it can differ so abundantly from individual to individual.

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