Literacy is ability to read and compose in linguistic communication ( English ) besides, understand, create, interpret, communicate with changing contexts. The learning literacy was focal points on comprises figure of sub accomplishments can be taught to the scholars. So the bomber accomplishments include vocabulary, comprehension, decryption, and phonological consciousness. The ability that people can read and composing good plenty to work in the complex society is calls a functional literacy.
The planning and instruction of literacy in the school by utilizing the techniques and stuffs. The lesson program of literacy will be depended on the degree of the scholars like, Bottom up scheme mean that the degree of the capable affair will more hard up to the high degree of the scholars. The construction for the learning literacy can be provided by the acquisition aim. Teaching reading can be accompanied with composing so the instructor should make the activities that include reading and composing in the same clip. First, the learning reading has many stuffs and techniques. There have a scope of texts type: Narrative, non-fiction and poesy. Narrative is a tool to assist the scholars organize their thoughts and research new thoughts and experiences, whether told or written, besides an indispensable agencies for the scholars to show themselves creatively and imaginatively. For illustration, the escapade text is purpose for entertain the reader. Poetry will assist the scholars become familiar with linguistic communication techniques.
The reading schemes are besides of import in learning method. The instructor usage the effectual linguistic communication teachers will demo the scholars about adjust reading behaviour besides help the scholars develop a set of reading schemes and they can fit schemes to each state of affairs decently. The schemes that can assist the scholars to read more efficaciously and rapidly were included: First scheme: Previewing, the scholars review the rubric or subdivision header to acquire a content of a reading choice. Second scheme: Prediction, the scholars utilizing background cognition to do anticipations about the vocabulary and content besides make anticipations about composing manner. Third scheme: Skimming and scanning, the scholars utilizing a speedy searching of the text to acquire the chief thought, confirm or inquiry anticipations. Fourthly scheme: Thinking from context, the scholars utilizing background cognition of the topic in the text as hints to think significance of the unknown words. Following these reading schemes, the instructor can demo the scholars how these schemes work and explain the texts before they start to read. The instructor can provides assortment of the reading stuffs and multiple chances for the scholars to absorb vocabulary, sentence construction, grammar, as they occur in reliable contexts. The reliable stuffs can be newspapers, magazines, and Web sites that can give the scholars insight into the life styles and worldviews. Many scholars difficulty to read in the school, even though they do rather good in outside contexts peculiarly when they play the picture games, surfing cyberspace or reading cartoon strips so the school reading stuffs should more motivate for the scholars. The developing reading activities will back up the scholars as the readers through three stairss: pre-reading, while-reading, and post-reading activities. Before start these activities the instructors should look into the degree of the texts that usage in reading activities are appropriate for the degree of the scholars or non. The pre-reading activities can function as readying for the scholars such as, reexamining vocabulary, utilizing the rubric to foretell content of reading text and so on. These activities are of import for the lower degrees of linguistic communication proficiency so that the pre-reading activities can assist the scholars review their cognition. The while-reading activities, the scholars read through the reading stuffs. The scholars can be given activities which require them to make following: follow the other of thoughts in the text ; understand the information it contains. The post-reading activities, the scholars will look into their comprehension and inquire themselves do they understand each chief thought or the writer & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s intent, so that the scholars check and discuss activities done while reading and do usage of what they have read in a meaningful manner, for case, by discoursing their response to the author & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s sentiments or by utilizing notes for a authorship activity. The appraisal of the reading ability can be in many ways depending on the intent of reading. The comprehension inquiries were use to prove the scholars can understand what they have read. If the intents of the comprehension inquiries are happening specific information so the inquiries should concentrate on that information. The reliable appraisal is supplying the reading proficiency of the scholars ; the appraisal can be the non schoolroom state of affairs. For illustration, after reading procedure the scholars might discourse the narrative with their friends or the instructor develops the rubric or the checklist for measure their reading comprehension. The reading lesson is aim to construct the scholars & A ; acirc ; ˆ™ ability to prosecute in purposeful reading, and to develop critical consciousness. The reading accomplishment is persuasion to transport on reading in linguistic communication ( English ) outside the schoolroom. In reading activities, vocabulary is another major constituent of reading ability with which linguistic communication scholars will see difficultly, but the grade of difficultly will change with the demands of the text. A major scheme in assisting the scholars to construct vocabulary for reading promote them to develop schemes for thinking word significance from contextual hints and background cognition. The reading will more hard to understand if the vocabulary they unknown so the five stairss that may assist the scholars when they covering with a text which they bring some background cognition and follow with sensible comprehension. First measure is happening the portion of address of the unknown word. Second measure is looking at the immediate context of the unknown word and simplifying this context. Third measure is looking at the relationship between the clause incorporating the unknown word and environing clauses and sentences. Fourth measure is thinking the significance of the unknown word. Fifth measure is look intoing that the conjecture is right. This describes the sequence that the scholars likely followed when covering with the unknown words.
The authorship is the procedure that encourage thought and research thought the thought that the authorship activities are the manner of the scholars can explicate their thought. The authorship accomplishment is besides the literacy that is the most of import to the scholars for the academic intent or real-situation propose such as apply the application signifier, essay for scholarship, etc. There are many attacks to learning authorship and depended on the instructor will take for the scholars. First of wholly, the controlled-to-free attack is the method about service to accomplish of grammatical and syntactic signifier. The instructor will give the sentences so the scholars will pull strings grammatical by altering inquiries to statements, or plural to singular, present to past. Second, the free-writing attack is about the authorship measure. The instructor will let write freely on any subject and will non worrying about the grammar or rectification. Third, the procedure attack is leting the scholars to bring forth their thought and compose in multiple bill of exchanges. The subjects are allowed for the scholars, they can take from their experiences so the instructor will let the greater duty and ownership of the acquisition. This attack is content three procedures ; the pre-writing procedure, be aftering bill of exchange procedure, and post-writing procedure. The pre-writing procedure is an activity before authorship and the instructor aid the scholars generates thoughts for their authorship through following activities such as brainstorming, listening to music, reflecting upon personal experience, sing media such as images, films, and telecasting that the teacher spring as the scholars think out a subject, detect a intent, and make up one’s mind on a position in the pre-writing procedure. For illustration about the pre-writing activity, the instructor give the choice magazine or newspapers to the scholars so inquire them to roll up one word from any page and shut the book. So go on this until each scholar collect four words. Next, inquire them to link and bring forth the thought from their words. After the scholars generate their thoughts via activities, the following procedure is be aftering bill of exchange procedure, the scholars will develop program and see about intent, point of position, or the format. In this procedure, the instructor can assist the scholars by set of inquiries or checklist to help the scholars to do significance clearly. The sample of the teacher-learner checklist, for case, what reaction do you desire your reader to hold? and so on. The instructor besides provides linguistic communication resources such as lexicons, usage texts or the computing machine that the scholars can surfing the cyberspace. The post-writing procedure is the scholars finished their concluding bill of exchange and they can portion their work with the schoolmates and the instructors. The authorship activities can be support and manage by the instructor, the instructor should make atmosphere that allow the scholars can make their work easy. The resources which assist the scholars are provided in the schoolroom. The desks will set up in group each group consist of 4 to 6 desks that the scholars can work and portion their thoughts together. The composing procedure or theoretical accounts are display on the board besides provide for the scholars to following them.
In Thailand, the tradition method to learning English is focus on literacy because of the Thai scholars were larning English as a foreign linguistic communication so the course of study will stress in reading and composing accomplishments but now they besides focus on communicative competency. The course of study was stressing in four linguistic communication accomplishments ( listening, speech production, reading, and composing ) , lingual competency, and so on. The Thai scholars were larning English for farther analyzing so they must hold the literacy in linguistic communication particularly English. For my lesson program, First, I will give some sort of narrative for my scholars so inquire them to happen the words that they unknown. Following, inquire them to happen the significance of their unknown words. Then, allow the scholars to read the narrative and. Next, allow them to make the comprehension inquiries that included the authorship inquiries so the scholars can pattern composing in the same clip. As above-mention, these stairss can supply chance for my scholars to pattern the reading and authorship. Another activity can be using the application signifier, composing an essay or any reliable authorship stuff that my scholars will be familiar with these stuffs.
In decision, the instruction reading through authorship. The lesson program include the reading and authorship activities, for illustration, the instructor give the any narrative, intelligence or magazine to the scholars to read and so inquire them to believe about it, following, inquire them to composing their sentiments, do they hold or differ with the author. The base of reading and composing accomplishments is the cognition of vocabulary, grammar, or sentence construction. Some people who can talk and listening English fluently but they unable to reading and composing English, they will hard to read the book, larning in the school or university, so the reading and authorship accomplishments are more of import for the people who needs to analyzing in the school, university, or working that acquires the literacy. Literacy is hard to learn, cause of the background cognition of the scholars, some scholars do non like to composing or reading so the support and encourage in larning from the instructor is most of import, the instructor was understands the scholars and make first-class activities, so the scholars will hold motive to acquisition.