The Book Wild Swans English Literature Essay

When Chapter 20 begins Jung ‘s male parent is taken under apprehension by three Rebels who have forced themselves into his house. They have no designation but no 1 in the house inquiries their authorization. Yu and Jung Chang have both determined that he is being arrested for a missive that was intercepted he had wrote to Mao inquiring him to halt the cultural revolution. De-Hong decides that she must make something to seek and assist her hubby. She decides that she must go to Peking to appeal Yu ‘s apprehension to Premier Zhou Enlai. As she is doing her manner to the Beijing train she encounters a group of immature dissenters and was ab initio denied entryway to the train but after she revealed that she was traveling to protest against the Tings they let her on. The following twenty-four hours, at the terminal of the pupil meeting with Zhou, De-Hong addresses the Prime Minister inquiring him to allow Yu travel. After deliberation Zhou states that Jung ‘s male parent will be let travel and that farther opinion will be made after the revolution. Yu returned sometime later and had appeared to hold gone insane. He became violent with De-Hong, one clip about choking her to decease. Subsequently on it was learned that Jung ‘s male parent had schizophrenic disorder. In 1967 Rebel cabals began to pay war with each other. As it became more and more insecure it became Yu was asked to denote his trueness to a radical commission, which he evidently denied. After this came intense whippings from the Tings but Yu kept his unity and stayed true to his communist party. This made the Tings bend to De-Hong to interrupt him, they interrogated her and unrelentingly tormented her. They accused her of her being associated with the Kuomintang and being a undercover agent, she tries to brush these accusals off but ca n’t and is held in detention until she denounces her hubby, which she ne’er does.

To get down of Chapter 21 Jung reminisces about the times before the cultural revolution and credits her friends for assisting her get through all of the tough state of affairss she has faced. Jung is disappointed with life now since the cultural revolution. She goes on by stating that there is nil to make at all, there are no schools, movies, theatres, teashops or museums. With the deficiency of activities environing them many youth turned their attempts to the Red Guard and became full clip members. On an interesting side note, with no 1 commanding the birth rate a babe roar occurred and the population rose by around two hundred million. Jung and her siblings were forced to maturate rapidly because of the cultural revolution and besides grew to love and esteem their parents with an intense passion because of all they had been through and endured. To busy herself and alleviate her ennui Jung began to compose poesy even through she knows that if she is caught with it she could be in danger because poesy is seen as something negative towards the authorities and was about caught one twenty-four hours by Mrs. Shau. Jung ‘s brother Jin-Ming was besides making some unsafe things during the twenty-four hours as good ; purchasing and selling prohibited books, like Shakespeare, on the black market he besides dealt some electronics as good. Her 2nd brother joins a street pack, which was common at the clip and her sister, Xiao-hong, reveals she now has a fellow, Cheng-yi ( or eyeglasses ) , who worked at an aeroplane mill.

Get downing in January 1969 Jung ‘s parents, her sister and her brother, Jin-Ming, were expelled to from Chengdu and sent to the Sichuan wilderness, her male parent being the first to go forth. This happened so that immature people would non lounge in the streets with nil to make because of their ennui, as described in chapter 21. In this countryside all of the expelled people performed tough manual labor, like trek for two hours to roll up and convey back firewood in what Mao said was an attempt to reform them. After merely a few yearss Jung comes down with a roseola, diarrhoea and intense emesis. To work out this job Jung was sent back to Chengdu, on a four twenty-four hours drive, so she could have medical attending at the clinic. She is healed reasonably rapidly. Before she can be after a trip to see her male parent Jung gets word of her ill aunt, Jun-ying, who is caring for her small brother in Yibin. This prompted Jung to go to Yibin to care for her ill aunt. After some clip she must return to Chengdu because her grandmother has fallen badly once more and collapsed, the physicians could non name her with what she had and she was transferred to the infirmary. After some clip of remaining by her grandmas bedside Jung decides that she needs to be closer to Chengdu, but non straight in it. She finds out that she needs three letters that approve of the move. She can non obtain these paperss lawfully so she resorts to holding her friend Wen hammer them and acquiring the appropriate seal. They traveled to Nignan to happen the registrar. After a violently baleful trip Jung and her friends found the registrar on June 20 and began their trip back. The chapter ends by Jung having a wire from Chengdu at a friends house stating that Yu-Fang, her grandma, has passed off.

Chapter 23 Begins with Jung and her brother, Jin-Ming, going by ferry to her new assignment by Chengdu. When Jung eventually arrives she learns of her grandma ‘s last yearss before decease. She was told that her grandma had an highly painful last few yearss which she tried to dissemble because of her strong and firm character. Jung felt atrocious for non taking better attention of her grandma and began to experience anger towards the cultural revolution because of how small attention it brought for human life and in exchange was non giving anything back to the people. After the decease Jung became really cold towards Wen who finally dies by stepping on a land mine seeking to contend “ American Imperialists ” . At this point Jung ‘s household is wholly split up over China with the seven members spread out in six different countries, Jung is now in a commune in Deyang with her friend Nana and her sister. In Deyang Jung learns how a peasants life truly is with assorted work points being allocated for completed ends in a twenty-four hours which was so used to administer nutrient. Jung does many odd occupations on the commune like carry H2O, collect firewood and dispersed manure. She did non ever remain on the commune though, she would take month long trips to see her parents and take attention of her ill aunt who was in Yibin. After approximately a twelvemonth Jung joined the clinic that was merely setup in Deyang, so in 1971 Mao had made a call for “ shoeless physicians ” which were fundamentally physicians that lived like provincials. Jung became one of these barefoot physicians partially because of the decease of her grandma which made her recognize the importance of medical attending and besides the demand for people to administrate it. The lone preparation that Jung Chang received on going a barefoot physician was a simple book that gave her assorted symptoms for unwellnesss and what remedies could be used which she studied highly difficult at all times of the twenty-four hours.

Part Two

From 1949-1976 China was ruled by a dictator name Mao Zedong, or merely Chairman Mao, who enforced a signifier of Marxist communism on China. He is responsible for a astonishing figure of deceases during his regulation and was feared by 1000000s during his totalitarian reign. Of the eight characteristics of dictatorship the 1 that was most good excessively Mao and helped him maintain power for so long was his usage of panic. He achieved this through his Red Guards. These ruddy guards were comprised of Chinese young person, normally high school and university pupils. They were mobilized in 1966 by Chairman Mao and instantly began bringing mayhem. Some of their activities included whipping and killing instructors, firing books, and destructing teashops. They did this at the purpose of extinguishing anything that was “ businessperson ” so that society could go classless. The Red Guards mission can be summed up in one phrase: “ We vow to establish a bloody war against anyone who dares to defy the Cultural Revolution, who dares to oppose Chairman Mao! ” . That phrase clearly shows that Mao took full advantage of his Red Guard to strike fright into all his citizens which like mentioned above is a necessary trait in totalitarian governments. The Red Guards were born out of the cultural revolution which made them the driving force to reshape China into the cast that Chairman Mao had created. Mao evidently did non carry through this by utilizing the Red Guards to peacefully manus out booklets on his vision because so non every citizen would take him earnestly or those that did non hold with him would non follow his orders, which would so take to a divided state. During the Cultural Revolution Mao did non let the Red Guards to save anyone from torture, “ He encouraged the Red Guards to pick on a wider scope of victims in order to increase panic. Outstanding authors, creative persons, bookmans, and most other top professionals who had been privileged under the Communist government, were now flatly condemned as “ reactionist businessperson governments. ” “ . What was interesting about the Red Guard, and seemed to be besides popular in Hitler ‘s Nazi government, was that a younger coevals were the 1s implementing regulations and penalizing the older coevalss. An illustration of this would be when Jung Chang was told to go to a denouncement meeting where a group of the Red Guards had a group of instructors tied up in the “ jet plane ” place with their custodies tied violently behind their dorsum. These instructors were being abused for being labeled “ black ” which meant that they were under intuition by Mao ‘s party. There were literally 1000s of things a individual could make to be labeled black, so that fright entirely made citizens follow all of Chairman Mao ‘s regulations and ordinances.

While Mao Zedong was in power he held a tight clasp on all of his people through many different ways, though the worst had to be his usage of panic through physical and phycological maltreatment. He did this chiefly during the Cultural Revolution through the immature Chinese people who were labeled as the Red Guards. They did everything from ransack teashops to crush and kill assorted intellectuals in an effort to put Mao ‘s vision in topographic point. When all was said and done they greatly succeeded in puting panic in bulk of Chinese citizens and Mao was written into history by holding committed the worst genocide the universe has of all time seen and most likely of all time will see.

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