For case, the demeanour of Nurse Ratched at the clip of the World Series game offers perplex ideas to the patients for the fact that she reacted in a complete ballistic mode in which even Bromden says that she behaved every bit hallucinating as the patients. McMurphy and the others merely formed a expostulation against Nurse Ratched who was non leting the invalids to watch the game. This was the destructive and flagitious nature of the establishment because it made the patients believe that they were genuinely insane and mentally instable when in fact they were sane.
Furthermore, the lunacy of the infirmary shrouds the free idea and inquiring of the patients inside. When the patients leave for their fishing trip, they strike upon the thought that lunacy is a sense of power and authorization, as in the state of affairs of where the station attenders are frightened by the mental instability of the patients. Kesey so parallels this trait towards Nurse Ratched and compares her to Hitler, because she possesses the traits of a lunatic and she has discovered on how to utilize the accomplishments and thoughts of a lunatic to her ain benefit. These Acts of the Apostless are reflected upon the deficiency of assurance of Billy Bibbit. McMurphy asks Bibbit why has n’t we left the establishment when he had come here voluntarily and that he knows that he is non insane. He replies by stating that he does n’t hold the backbones to do it with the people from the exterior. This thought was planted into the head of Bibbit by Nurse Ratched because her techniques to assist the mentally sick pulverize the assurance of the people, instead than promoting it. As a consequence, sane work forces are going insane because the nurses who are supposed to assist these people in their convulsion are, alternatively, adding on to the injury that they are already sing. Madness is now a tool that can interrupt down an single, or even an full population as in the instance of the novel, and it can so make full the empty infinite inside the individual with false thoughts.
The importance of sexual freedom is besides a subject within so novel and the character of McMurphy is the greatest method in how Kesey expresses this subject into the narrative. McMurphy is fearless to show his sexual demands, experiences, and enticements, for illustration, his sexual attractive force towards the Big Nurse. She is described to hold big chests, which is a trait of her muliebrity, but she does non take to tout them because she is afraid of the patients ‘ gender. McMurphy is invariably doing sexual remarks about the Big Nurse and sometimes to her in individual which shows that he is non scared to show what he genuinely feels and thinks. The flood tide of his sexual impulse is when he tears her apparels and reveals her chests, which makes her seem less of an authorization figure and shows that she is still merely a adult female no affair how much power she has over the patients. The masculine sexual power of the patients is stronger than the authorization of the nurses over the patients.
Further cases of sexual independency include McMurphy stating his physician about the colza charge against him. He has no embarrassment in stating the incident and he even says that the victim had lied about her age so McMurphy claimed that she is every bit guilty as he is. This facet of McMurphy is what drives him and the other patients to revolt against the lunacy and insanity of the establishment. McMurphy reminds the other patients of their masculine sexual power over the nurses because of their muliebrity. Besides, McMurphy tells the patients of another case of his sexual experiences which was the first clip he had sex with a adult female, which was when he was less than the age of 10. He prizes this minute and, in fact, see this minute about like the clip that he became alive. All of these experiences escalate his sexual character and he merely can non command his endocrines when he sees a adult female, which is a job because the establishment limits his freedom to research his gender.
Womans are besides a subject within the narrative because it highlights their controlling and supervising features. The patients, who are work forces, are under control of the supervisors and nurses, who are adult females which is dry towards history. Men would ever be in control of every facet in life except for cookery, cleansing, and taking attention of kids ; nevertheless, it seems that the adult females in this narrative sought retaliation among the work forces who regard them as a piece of belongings in the yesteryear. For illustration, the decease of a patient named Rawler is important because it shows the drastic steps that the patients went to to liberate themselves of the subjugation of the adult females. He could non take the repression of the adult females in the establishment so much, that he symbolically committed self-destruction by cutting off his testiss. This represented that the adult females in the ward had successfully taken away his manhood, literally and symbolically.
Another illustration of the impact of adult females upon the patients was in the instance of Billy Bibbit ‘s female parent and her controlling attitude. She treated Bibbit like an guiltless kid and she prohibited him to make anything gratifying, peculiarly being sexually active. Her power over him, even when he was an grownup, elicited his privacy from the outside universe and his ain manhood. However, when he has sex with Candy that is when Bibbit experiences an epiphany and earns his maleness, every bit good as acquiring his assurance to interrupt away from his female parent ‘s appreciation. Nevertheless, that manhood is taken off from yet another adult female, Nurse Ratched. She threatens to state Bibbit ‘s female parent about him traveling against her bids and this drives his completely insane ; plenty to take him to stop his ain life. Bromden ‘s experiences with the opposite sex have besides leaded him to be leery about them because of the manner that his ain female parent was overpowering in his ain family. His female parent was so controlling and pull stringsing that her hubby had taken her last name. The adult female taking the adult male ‘s last name in matrimony is a symbol of the adult female giving her ain individuality as a signifier of love towards her hubby. However, her act uponing characteristic lead a strong, bold, and honest head to a weak, spineless, and a hapless rummy. Her nature of seting the others down lead to her being emotionally stronger and striking fright into both her hubbies ‘ and Bromden ‘s Black Marias.
The motive of laughter reverberations throughout the novel and is really important for it explains the conditions of the characters and of the establishment. When McMurphy enters the infirmary, he notices that none of the patients of all time laugh ; all they of all time do is smile, or even snicker a spot behind their custodies. Kesey shows that the patients are afraid to laugh and show their felicity because of the establishment ‘s attempts to interrupt the patients ‘ liquors. The establishment, in some manner, parallels the features of a totalitarian society for the fact that it limits the rights of the people so much, that they are unable to even express joy or show their joy.
Laughter is an instrument that McMurphy uses portion from the bonds of the establishment because it shows individualism which leads off from the control of the infirmary. McMurphy ‘s laughter, in a manner, is his signifier of rebellion against the regulations and ordinances of the establishment and that he wants to make whatever he pleases to make. The other patients, nevertheless, are frightened by the Big Nurse to express joy which keeps them from retrieving from their psychological unwellnesss. Laughter is, in fact, the medical specialty that the patients need to go good once more because the ward, a topographic point so cheerless and suffering, is impacting their personalities and doing them to lose hope of being cured. McMurphy tries invariably throughout the novel to humour the patients because that will do them recognize that they need to include felicity in their lives. For illustration, during the clip that the patients were playing cards, McMurphy strives to humour the others at how they were chancing during the game in order to do the patients understand that there is another side to life and that is to bask the premiums give to you.
Invisibility is a really considerable motive because it highlights the character of Bromden, the storyteller. Bromden describes how he feels unseeable in the infirmary, even though he is responsible for this because he pretends to non cognize what is happening around him. This leads to people non detecting him less and less as clip progresses. He claims that he is purportedly both deaf and dumb, which makes his presence in the establishment less important. This besides hides his head against the influence of the nurses with the ward.
However, this invisibleness besides has a disadvantage which the reader knew from Kesey depicting Bromden ‘s childhood. The white work forces ne’er noticed Native Americans, no affair how much Bromden raised his voice towards them. He may be able to hear everything that goes on, but he can non move upon it because cipher will listen to him or take his words into earnestness ; his big and powerful stature are in contrast to the ways in how he influences the others in the ward. Ultimately, he will hold done nil to alter the universe for the better no affair how difficult he would hold tried, and he would hold died unnoticed.
McMurphy, on the other manus, can ne’er be unseeable because of his self-asserting and powerful attitude. He acquires attending everyplace he goes and he leads other people to go seeable by retrieving their personalities. For case, when be shatters the glass window of the Nurses ‘ Station, he claims that he could non see it because it was excessively clean. This symbolically meant that McMurphy was seeking to allow the other patients know that the subjugation of the adult females in the ward is non ever seen, yet they are invariably acted upon them. The use is similar to an unseeable force, such as gravitation ; it may non be seen, but it is invariably at work.