The RA?mA?yana is one of the greatest literary production incarnating the life traditions, aptitudes, thoughts, myths and symbols of a grey era. It is a watch-tower that commands a vivid and realistic position of the ‘social, economic, spiritual, political and aesthetic aspirations of all subdivisions of people. It besides throws visible radiation on many an vague side of the society, supplying facts and fortunes ‘ .
Since clip immemorial and for centuries to come, the Ramayana will be the perennial beginning of religious, cultural and artistic inspiration for all those who read it. It is justly said that “ The Ramayana constitutes a regular depot of the wisdom and acquisition ” .
The Ramayana has been accepted as a homogenous work attributed to a individual writer, VA?lmiki. He is introduced as a talented saint who lived with BhA?radvaja and other students in the purdah of a beautiful hermitage in the cloistered vale of the TA?masa. He received from NA?rad the lineation of the RA?ma narrative, stand foring RA?ma as an ideal adult male, endowed with all the qualities of caput and bosom. After his bath in the TA?masa River, he chanced to see a fond brace of birds at drama with each other. Suddenly, the male was shot at by a huntsman and the attendant heartache of the female made VA?lmiki involuntarily burst away into a poetic utteranceA? , a dictum of expletive on the wicked liquidator. Returning to his bungalow, the saint brooded over the hapless incident and mused on the poetry ( sloka ) that has expressed his daze of heartache ( soka ) . At this minute poetic vision dawned upon him. The needed inspiration came from Brahma, the “ Lord of Creation ” , pressing him to convey the truth and indicating out the RA?ma narrative as the proper vehicle.
The Ramayana does non incorporate any information sing the early life of VA?lmiki. He was a robber turned ascetic is referred to in other plants. He is described as a BrA?hmana young person who, tie ining with Foresters and dakoits, took to oblique ways and lived by main road robbery. Once he tried to put custodies on the seven sages who chanced to come his manner. The sages nevertheless, successfully expostulated with him and set to him the important inquiry “ whether his married woman and kids whom he supported by this black profession were prepared to portion his wickedness ” . The BrA?hmana went place and put the inquiry to his people whom replied that they would portion merely his wealth and his wickedness. This kindled the flicker of spiritualty in the dakoit ‘s bosom and he went back to the seven sages for consolation and counsel. The sages advised him to mumble the holy name of RA?ma even if it be in a reversed order ( Mara ) . The BrA?hmana remained absorbed in the unhearable repeat of this name, unmindful of his milieus, so much so that his organic structure in class of clip became beset with ‘ant-hills ( VA?lmika ) ‘ . After a long clip when the seven sages returned that manner, they appropriately renamed him VA?lmiki and congratulated him on his regenerationA?
SECTION 1.3- POPULARITY OF VALMIKI RAMAYANA
The great popularity which the narrative of the Ramayana enjoys for ages has led to the recreation of idea from and underestimate of its wealth of cultural suggestions. It is absorbing and intriguing to look into into the ample cultural informations afforded by VA?lmiki
VA?lmiki, in his Ramayana show his position of human codification of behavior through RA?ma: life is evanescent and the hedonic attack to be meaningless.
It is gratuitous to state that the sacred book conserves T value construction. Following the initial coevals, the book serves non the beginning of values for wining coevalss.
SECTION 1.4- PROMINENT CHARACTERS
RA?ma is the hero of this heroic narrative, Ramayana. He is portrayed as an embodiment of the God, Vishnu. He is the eldest boy of male monarch of AyodhyA? , Dashratha. He is popular prince loved by one and all. He is the prototype of virtuousness. Dashratha forced by one of his married womans, Kaikeyi commands RA?ma to release his right to the throne for 14 old ages and travel into expatriate by his male parent. While in expatriate, RA?vana stealthily carries away SitA? . RA?ma finally kills him and deliver his married woman, SitA? . He so gets coronate as the male monarch of kosala state.
SitA? is the darling married woman of RA?ma and girl of king Janaka. She is the embodiment of Goddess Laxmi ( Lord Vishnu ‘s married woman ) SitA? is the prototype of feminine pureness and virtuousness. She follows her hubby into expatriate and there gets abducted by RA?vana. She is imprisoned in the island of Lanka by RA?vana. RA?ma rescues her by get the better ofing the devil, king Ravana.
Hanuman is a vanara belonging to the land of kiskindha. He worships RA?ma and helps happen SitA? by traveling to the land of Lanka traversing the great ocean.
Lakshmana, the younger brother of RA?ma chose to travel into expatriate with him. He spends his clip protecting SitA? and RA?ma. He is deceived by RA?vana and MA?richa into believing that RA?ma was in problem while SitA? gets abducted.
RA?vana, a rakshasa, is the male monarch of Lanka. He received T blessing from BrahmA? that he will non be killed by either Gods, devils or by liquors, after executing a terrible repentance for 10 thousand old ages. He was besides the most intelligent and learned life being of his clip. He has ten caputs and 20 weaponries. After acquiring his wages from Brahma, RA?vana begins to upset the workss of good Brahmins. RA?ma is born T human to get the better of him, therefore get the better ofing the blessing given by Brahma.
Dashratha is the male monarch of AyodhyA? and the male parent of RA?ma. He has three queen, KaushalayA? , SumitrA? and Kaikeyi and three other boies: Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughana. Kaikeyi, Dashratha ‘s front-runner queen forces him to do his boy Bharata inheritor apparent and direct RA?ma into expatriate. Dashratha dies heartbroken after RA?ma goes into expatriate.
Bharata is the 2nd boy of Dashratha. When he learns that his female parent Kaikeyi had forced RA?ma into expatriate and caused Dashratha to decease broken bosom, he storms out of the castle and goes in hunt of RA?ma. When RA?ma refuses to interrupt his expatriate to return to the capital to presume the throne, he requests and gets RA?ma ‘s sandals and topographic points them on the throne. Bharata so regulations AyodhyA? as a representative of RA?ma.
Vishwamitra is the sage who takes RA?ma into the wood at the behest of get the better ofing the devils destructing his Vedic forfeits. On the manner back he takes RA?ma into MithilA? where RA?ma sees and falls in love with SitA? .