Discuss “ The Good-Morrow ” as a metaphysical verse form. The metaphysical poets were a loose group of British lyric poets of the seventeenth century, who shared an involvement in metaphysical concerns and a common manner of look intoing them, and whose work was characterised by ingeniousness of metaphor ( these involved comparings being known as metaphysical amour propres ) . These poets were non officially affiliated ; most of them did non even know or read each other. Their poesy was influenced greatly by the altering times, new scientific disciplines and the new found debauched scene of the seventeenth century.
“ Metaphysical ” when applied to poetry normally involves Love, Science, Geology, Romance, Sensuality and adult male ‘s relationship with God. Metaphysical verse forms are lyrical verse forms normally incorporating intense speculations, characterized by striking usage of humor, sarcasm, and play on words. Underneath the formal construction is the implicit in construction of the poet ‘s statement. Metaphysical poesy normally contains amour propres, which is an image which you extend, which you develop ; an drawn-out metaphor. The Metaphysical poesy follows the construction of a strong first line ; these “ strong lines ” brings attending to other elements in metaphysical poesy. The term is used in connexion with prose every bit good as with poetry and so invites us to look at metaphysical poesy in a wider context. At the clip Metaphysical poesy ‘s definition was ‘An equal of thoughts yoked by force together. ‘
The term “ metaphysical ” when applied to poetry has a long and interesting history. You should cognize this, but the information in Helen Gardner ‘s Introduction to The Metaphysical Poets ( Penguin ) is more than adequate. Fortunately, you have no clip in an test for a drawn-out treatment. The tester wants to see you discourse the text.
Metaphysical poesy is concerned with the whole experience of adult male, but the intelligence, larning and earnestness of the poets means that the poesy is about the profound countries of experience particularly – about love, romantic and animal ; about adult male ‘s relationship with God – the ageless position, and, to a less extent, about pleasance, larning and art.
Metaphysical verse forms are lyric verse forms. They are brief but intense speculations, characterized by striking usage of humor, sarcasm and pun. Beneath the formal construction ( of rime, metre and stanza ) is the implicit in ( and frequently barely less formal ) construction of the verse form ‘s statement. Note that there may be two ( or more ) sorts of statement in a verse form. In To His Coy Mistress the expressed statement ( Marvell ‘s petition that the coy lady output to his passion ) is a stalking Equus caballus for the more serious statement about the transience of pleasance. The outward levity conceals ( hardly ) a deep earnestness of purpose. You would be able to demo how this subject of carpe diem ( “ prehend the twenty-four hours ” ) is made clear in the 3rd subdivision of the verse form.
Contemplations on love or God should non be excessively difficult for you. Writing about a poet ‘s technique is more ambitious but will delight any tester. Giving some clip to each ( where the undertaking invites this ) , while stoping on technique would be ideal.
Here are some suggestions as to how to look at the item of single verse forms under a really wide header.
John Donne ‘s verse form The Good Morrow is considered to be of a metaphysical kingdom as it Donne ‘s is typically metaphysical in its startling beginning, its dramatic nature and patterned advance of idea, its dramatic metaphysical amour propres, its scope of rational imagination from the universes of divinity, geographics, chemical science and cosmology, its catalogic manner, the usage of exaggeration, the mingling of gravitation and levity, the conversational linguistic communication, the presentation of the lovers as microcosms, and eventually the brotherhood of the physical and the psychological in love.
The Good Morrow ‘ is a typical Donnean love verse form, divided into three stanzas. It ‘s one of those love verse forms in which he praises the religious relation and hails it so ardently.
In the gap stanza, the poet expresses his admiration as to what he and his beloved did before they fell in love with each other. He becomes surprised retrieving their past love experiences. He compares the love experiences of himself and his beloved with `weaning ‘ , falsely sucking state pleasances ‘ and `snorting. ‘ The mention to these three physical activities indicates that they spent a life of secular enjoyment. But now the poet utilizing the concurrence ‘But ‘ makes a contrast and say ‘s that all these past physical activities seem to be utterly meaningless. The shutting two lines of the first stanza imply that though the poet indulged himself in ‘country pleasances ‘ , he has ne’er been forgetful to hone beauty of ideal religious love, which he ever desired and has eventually ‘got ‘ in his present beloved.
Obviously there is a displacement from physical to religious love, kiping to waking period, sensuous visual aspects to ideal world and as if from Platonic cave to the universe of visible radiation in the poet and his dear. Here the poet seems to hold touched the metaphysics of Plato. In his metaphysics, Plato at first takes something concrete such as adult male, but shortly he leaps into abstract viz. the Form of adult male. Similarly Donne besides begins with physical love and shortly he turns to Platonic or metaphysical love.
The first stanza contains several Donnean elements. It opens suddenly with an explosive inquiry. This disconnected colloquial beginning, which is so characteristic of Donne jumps us and captures our attending. Another noticeable thing is that Donne swears his true relation – ‘I admiration by my engagement ‘ . Here he is unconventional. Any of his coeval of Elizabethan poets might curse to God, but Donne has non done it. Then there are the mentions of physical brotherhood and the usage of imaginations in the undermentioned three lines. The 4th line contains a legendary amour propre, a fable that tells of seven immature work forces of Ephesus who took safety in a cave during the persecution of Diocletian and were entombed at that place. They were found alive two centuries later. Here Donne compares himself and his beloved with the seven slumberers. Here he is misanthropic when he utters the word ‘did ‘ . Surely the word ‘did ‘ includes the intensions of sexual making – what did we of all time do with the clip?
The 2nd stanza begins with hail and jubilation. The unconscious yesteryear of flesh is over and a new witting religious relationship begins. So the talker cerebrates the present. “ Now good morrow to our waking psyche ” . He besides makes declaration that their psyches have besides learnt non to descry one another. That the married adult females or work forces involve in extra-marital matter was a dominant subject in the Elizabethan and Jacobean literature. So, fright merely works in animal lovers as motive for watching over each other, least the other should go unfaithful to his or her mate. But the talker and his beloved have overcome this fright and a peaceable satisfaction prevails their love. And for their faithful love they will command the enticements of other things. They love so dependably and ardently that their love has the force to be merged into the cosmopolitan love and to travel out to go “ an every where ” .
As religious lovers, the poet and his beloved are apathetic to earthly pleasances and ownerships – allow the sea-lovers and map-lovers do what they like to make. The lovers want to be happy with their joint universe though they have their single universes but their single universes are fused into a individual universe. Now they are the joint proprietors of a individual universe.
Here in this stanza, we find the presence of imagination from the modern-day geographical universe. That is to state the modern-day geographical involvement of the adventurers.
The 3rd stanza opens with endearing words from the talker. The two lovers stand so closely that their several faces are reflected in each others eyes. The simpleness of their bosom is besides reflected in their faces, which are conceived as two hemispheres of their universe. But their universe of love is so spiritual that its hemispheres are free from coldness and decay. They are non afraid of separation or interrupt up of their “ relation, because ” ‘what of all time dyes, was non mixt equality ‘ . The ingredients of their love have been proportionally assorted and there is no ware and weft between them. They have love every bit and proportionally.
Therefore the verse form ends with the constitution of true friendly relationship. After an disconnected beginning, there is composure at last. The twosome has rejected the state pleasances and entered into a true inter-dependent friendly relationship. They have renounced the mundane universe in order possess an spiritual universe. Experience has thought them that the true felicity can be achieved through a common religious friendly relationship.
In the first stanza, there is the sorrow for past behaviors, in the 2nd stanza the pleasance of detecting something in the last stanza, the prospect/hope of making better/using the find. The disconnected beginning of the verse form, the usage of amour propres form mundane life and myth in the first stanza, the geographical mention of stanza two, the usage of scholastic doctrine in stanza three, and finally the accent of religious love continue to do it one of those verse forms of Donne which combine mind and emotion. These above motioned qualities have made the verse form acquire a certain topographic point in honored, cherished wordss written by John Donne.