Sir Francis Bacon ‘s New Atlantis is a Utopian novel in which the writer describes a perfect land and society, where harmoniousness and good societal and spiritual organisation, generousness and piousness regulation. This work earned Bacon the to the full deserved and really implicative of one of the chief subjects in the novel, name “ the male parent of modern scientific discipline in England ” . Bacon writes about the island of Bensalem and its extremely educated and enlightened society, where fledglings are heartily, thought at first with cautiousness, welcomed and therefore treated that merely few of all time choose to go forth this harmonious topographic point. In a few words- the ideal scientific pastoral Utopia, a land with no defects and negative sides, where cognition and the saving of their current lives integral are the chief precedences.
In order to understand Bacon ‘s intervention of scientific affairs in New Atlantis, we must first acquire acquainted with his general position upon scientific discipline and why precisely he is considered to be the male parent of modern scientific discipline. As I already mentioned, Bacon was “ the laminitis of the modern scientific method ” . His chief belief was in the “ orderly experimentation and in the experiments that produce consequences ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.studyworld.com ) . Harmonizing to him in order to be able to demo how brilliant and unordinary human life is, you should give your clip to “ clear and accurate thought ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.studyworld.com ) and to analyzing the facts of the universe alternatively of the doctrines. For him the person organic structures are the lone things that exist in the existence. Following this logic we can state that the “ perfect ” society of Bensalem is a scientific society, in which the population is preponderantly scientists or at least really educated people “ guided by scientific discipline ” . For these people the chief aim in their being is to get cognition and enrich their heads through larning. They are non at least interested in wealths, gold or any other sort of stuff goods and that is why they are separated from the remainder of the universe and maintain really much to themselves. Because they do non desire to be corrupted like the remainder of the universe, the lone people that leave the island are selected people sent with the mission to research the universe, the new developments in the scientific discipline and engineerings, and besides to derive all kinds of new cognition such as larning new linguistic communications. Therefore every 12 old ages, new sums of cognition come to the people of Bensalem and do their society even more developed and intelligent.
The inquiry that is of the greatest involvement in this essay is: “ Is such a extremely developed and progresss in scientific footings society possible to be separated from the remainder of the universe and how the citizens of Bensalem manage to accomplish such impossible consequences in their advancement? ” . More significantly, why Francis Bacon chooses to compose a scientific Utopia and do scientific discipline and cognition so of import to the narrative? ” To reply the latter we must once more travel back to Bacon ‘s personal beliefs of how the universe should be. As I already mentioned for him the experiment is the lone manner to back up hypothesis and obtain cognition. He believed in proved facts and non in guesss and mere conjectures. Very of course, the people of Bensalem are driven by the same beliefs. To turn out this statement, here is the undermentioned citation of the words of The Father of Solomon ‘s House:
“ We have besides parks, and enclosures of all kinds, of animals and birds ; which we use non merely for position or rarity, but like- wise for dissections and tests, that thereby may take visible radiation what may be wrought upon the organic structure of adult male. Wherein we find many unusual effects: as go oning life in them, though frogmans parts, which you account critical, be perished and taken Forth ; resusci- tating of some that seem dead in visual aspect, and the similar. We try besides all toxicants, and other medical specialties upon them, every bit good of chirurgery as physic. By art likewise we make them greater or smaller than their sort is, and contrariwise dwarf them and remain their growthaˆ¦ ”
In this House of Solomon, the brightest members of Bensalem ‘s society are specially trained to carry on experiments, gather information and finally use the cognition they have acquired to break the life on the island. On every point of Bacon ‘s definition of the perfect society, the one described in the novel is the perfect one.
The accomplishments of this ideal society do non halt here, as it becomes clear from the words of the Father of Solomon ‘s House: “ We imitate besides flights of birds ; we have some grades of winging in the air. We have ships and boats for traveling under H2O and brooking of seas, besides swimming-girdles and sup- porters. ” For the clip when the novel was written ( 1627 ) these accomplishments seem extraordinary and impossible. Peoples were non able to “ copy the flights of birds ” until 1783 when the first successful human flight was made. Same goes for the first existent under H2O escapade of people which was performed in 1776. Just by looking at these two illustrations of scientific accomplishments, we can doubtless state that Francis Bacon was a author with a vision for the hereafter development of our technological abilities.
Although at first look the readers of New Atlantis are under the feeling that there is non one individual thing that is incorrect with this “ perfect ” island, reading further in the novel, they are able to set every piece of the mystifier together. First of all, Bensalem ‘s society is a really unfastened, broad and equal society. These brilliant accomplishments that Bacon writes about are non all put for mass consumption- merely the chosen members of the House of Solomon are allowed to hold the full information of what is created and they are the one who decide which goods will be shown to the remainder of the society: “ And this we do besides: we have audiences, which of the innovations and experiences which we have discovered shall be published, and which non ; and take all an curse of secretiveness for the concealment of those which we think fit to maintain secret ; though some of those we do uncover sometime to the State, and some non. ” Second, this land is non as a harmonious and as a peaceable topographic point as it seems to be: “ ” We have besides engine-houses, where are prepared engines and instruments for all kinds of gestures. There we imitate and pattern to do swifter gestures than any you have, either out of your muskets or any engine that you have ; and to do them and multiply them more easy and with little force, by wheels and other agencies, and to do them stronger and more violent than yours are, transcending your greatest cannons and basilisks ” . As it turns out the people of Bensalem are, while non needfully violent, still non peaceable at all. Bacon puts these “ non so perfect ” niceties to the “ so perfect ” portrayal of the New Atlantis, because he believes that it is non possible to hold merely highly positive consequences from great scientific development- in other words- every affable accomplishment has its negative side and that ‘s non so atrocious. For Bacon these negative side effects from advancement are a necessary evil- after all his chief ideal is the extremely developed in scientific and technological footings society, even if that is at the disbursal of equal human rights or the peace in people ‘s Black Marias.
As a decision I would wish to give my personal reply to the inquiry I posed earlier in this essay: “ Is it possible that such a perfect universe could be outside of the pages of a novel? ” Since New Atlantis was published 300 old ages ago, history has proven that the being of such a Utopia is still really difficult to conceive of. The grounds for this are several. First off with our current technological development there is about no opportunity that a society could be concealed and undisturbed by the remainder of the universe. Second, human wonder and strive for farther development make it impossible for a individual to desire to remain all their life in a individual island, in a closed and conservative society, where he would hold to obey the regulations of person else. Alternatively they would desire to research the admirations of our planet and therefore accomplish their ain personal development as a free person. I can reason from this last sentence that although a society may look perfect from the exterior, there is nil every bit fantastic as the feeling of freedom and the possibility you are given to do the best of what you have got. Possibly Bensalem should non be called a Utopian land after all.